Bilderberg: Historical Membership Plus Biographies
- Note on Bilderberg names here
- North America
- Great Britain
- Eastern Europe
Note on Bilderberg names here
The focus here is on names that have been important for research. As for the biographies, they are only added here to the extent they haven't appeared in other membership lists on ISGP, or if the details are relevant to current research. The most important thing here is to have a reliable historical Bilderberg list with all the proper dates and sources. The info exclusively comes from a cache of photocopies of all historical Bilderberg visitor lists. A text version of 1954-2022 Bilderberg lists can be downloaded here.
North American Bilderberg names
Source(s): 1970-1971, 1974, 2007 lists.
Defense secretary advisor. Director Belfer Center. Dean John F. Kennedy School at Harvard.
|Andreas, Dwayne O.||
Source(s): 1982-1985, 1987-1990, 1992-1996 lists.
CEO Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) 1971-1997. Andreas had a long history of illegal political campaign contributions. The company itself received the biggest anti-trust fine in history in 1996 with $100 million.
|Armacost, Michael H.||
Source(s): 1997 list.
U.S. Ambassador to Japan. President Brookings Institution.
|Ball, George W.||
Source(s): 1954-1993 lists; 1956 paper, Joseph Retinger, 'The Bilderberg Group' (steering committee); princeton.edu, 'George W. Ball Papers, 1880s-1994 (bulk 1933-1994): Finding Aid. MC031.': "[Ball] attended every [Bilderberg] meeting except for one before his death. Ball considered Bilderberg to be the most useful organization to which he belonged."
Member Chicago Council on Foreign Affairs (CCFR) since about 1940, together with fellow law firm partner Adlai Stevenson, making him interested in foreign policy. Co-founder EU system with Jean Monnet in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Permanent member Bilderberg 1954-1993. Senior partner Lehman Brothers 1966-1968, 1969-1982. Pilgrims Society late 1960s to mid 1970s. Trilateral Commission roughly 1975-1980.
|Bergsten, C. Fred||
Source(s): 1972, 1974, 1984, 1997, 2002 lists.
Senior fellow CFR 1967-1968. Assistant for international economic affairs to national security advisor Henry Kissinger 1969-1971. Senior fellow at the Brookings Institution 1972-1976. Visited Bilderberg in 1972, 1974, 1984, 1997, 2002. Assistant secretary for international affairs, Treasury Department, under Carter 1977-1981. Senior fellow Carnegie Endowment in 1981. Key founder in 1981 of the Peterson Institute for International Economics, alongside founding Trilateral Commission member and close David Rockefeller friend Peter Peterson. (Managing) director PIIE 1981-2012. Continued as senior fellow. David Rockefeller, George Soros and Lynn Forester de Rothschild are among those who became directors of PIIE. Member Trilateral Commission 1985-2018, executive early 1990s - 2017. Lifetime involvement in over 20 important NGOs.
Source(s): 1981, 1983, 1985-2003 lists (steering committee since at least 1986).
Top elitist involved in the CFR, Bilderberg, Trilateral Commission, Americas Society, World Economic Forum / Davos, Pilgrims Society, Peterson Institute for International Economics and other elite NGOs before he was convicted of fraud and send to prison. Acted as a mentor to neoconservative "prince of darkness" Richard Perle.
Source(s): 1991 list only.
Long-time State Department and National Security Council staffer with ties to Henry Kissinger. Member CFR 1985-. Member Trilateral Commission 2008-2014, where a more expanded biography is to be found.
Source(s): 2007 list only.
President and COO of Goldman Sachs 2004-2006, under Hank Paulson. Chairman and CEO Goldman Sachs 2006-2018. Member CFR 2009-. Democrat. Regular visitor Clinton Global Initiative 2000s-2010s. Co-chair Partnership for New York City. Speaker Bloomberg Global Business Forum.
Source(s): 2003 list only.
Source(s): 1984-1986 (joined steering committee), 1988.
Educated at Yale and Harvard. Joined Dillon, Read & Co. in 1954, chair 1970-1982, 1983–1988. Bechtel bought a controlling stake in Dillon, Read in 1981, prompting Bechtel president George Shultz to join the Dillon, Reed board. Senator from New Jersey April - December 1982. Member CFR 1983-. Visitor the Bechtel's Camp Mandalay at the Bohemian Grove since at least the 1980s. Close friend of George H. W. Bush, before he came into the administration. Treasury secretary under Reagan and Bush 1988-1993. Director MITRE, H.J. Heinz, etc. Trustee Rockefeller University. Director Economic Club of New York. .
|Brennan, John O.||
Source(s): 2017 list only ("Brennan, John O. (USA), Senior Advisor, Kissinger Associates Inc.").
Homeland Security Advisor 2009-2013, under Obama. CIA director 2013 - Jan. 2017, under Obama. Helped establish the FBI's counterintelligence investigation of Donald Trump's presidential campaign. Senior advisor Kissinger Associates "on world events" 2018-, although clearly already a senior advisor of Kissinger Associates at the June 2017 Bilderberg meeting, less than 5 months after leaving office. Chair of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance (INSA). Endorser of Inclusive America, along with many other elites.
Source(s): 1966, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1978, 1985 lists.
Leading political scientist. Regular Bilderberg visitor 1966-1985. Member CFR 1968-, director 1972-1977. Key founder Trilateral Commission in 1973 with David Rockefeller, executive from at least 1985 until 2009. National security advisor under Carter 1977-1981. Top 5 globalist at the time of his death in 2017, involved in at least 85 important NGOs.
Source(s): 2010 list
Venezuelan mining billionaire and old member of the 1001 Club, alongside David and Laurance Rockefeller.
Source(s): 1991 list; clinton.presidentiallibraries.us /items/show/36014 (accessed: Aug. 25, 2022; 'Bilderberg Conferences - Collection Finding Aid'): "Governor Clinton attended the 1991 Bilderberg Conference in Baden-Baden, Germany (for which no records were available). ... President Clinton made brief remarks at the Bilderberg Steering Committee Meeting in October of 1995. Several National Security Council staff members also spoke at Bilderberg events."
Speculation that he was going to run for president in the 1988 elections, but he eventually declined to do so. First appeared on a February 1990 Trilateral Commission membership list. Invited to the CFR in 1990. Chair Democratic Leadership Council (DLC) 1990-1991. In June 1991 Clinton visited Bilderberg. Announced his candidacy for the presidential elections on October 3, 1991. Elected U.S. president in November 1992.
Source(s): clinton.presidentiallibraries.us/items/show/36014 (accessed: January 24, 2021): "First Lady Hillary Clinton attended the Atlanta, Georgia [Bilderberg] Conference in June of 1997 [but was not listed among the official visitors]"
First Lady of Arkansas 1983-1992. Trustee and chair New World Foundation 1980s, alongside elite family friend Vernon Jordan. First Lady of the U.S. 1993-2001. Senator from New York 2001-2009. Secretary of state 2009-2013. Chancellor Queen's University, Belfast 2020-.
Source(s): 2018-2019 lists
Member of Department of State's Policy Planning Staff. Founder and President of Jigsaw, a Google think tank in New York.
Source(s): 1962-1980 lists (all conferences)
Economic Analyst, U.S. Treasury Department, 1934-36; economist, Federal Reserve Bank, New York, 1936-38; with Department of State, 1938-46, assistant chief, Division of American Republics, 1940, special assistant to Under Secretary of State, 1941-44, executive secretary, Board of Economic Operations, 1941-43, associate advisor for International Economic Affairs, 1943-44, chief, Division of Financial and Monetary Affairs, 1944-45, director, Office of Financial and Development Policy, 1945-46; trustee, Export-Import Bank, Washington, 1944-45; U.S. executive director, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [IBRD], 1946-47. Involved in Standard Oil of New Jersey / Exxon and J.P. Morgan & Co. Chair Americas Society.
|Corrigan, E. Gerald||
Source(s): 1994 list.
President NY Federal Reserve Bank 1985-1993. CFR director 1993-1995 and involved in a variety of elite think tanks. Joined Goldman Sachs in 1994, partner and managing director 1996-.
|Dean, Arthur H.||
Source(s): 1956-1957, 1959, 1963-1973, 1975 lists.
Member CFR 1938-, director 1955-1972. Partner in the Dulles' brothers' Sullivan & Cromwell law firm from 1929 to 1976, and served as chairman of the firm in the 1960s. U.S. chair of the Geneva Disarmament Committee under JFK 1961-1963.
Source(s): 1982 lists.
Member of the family that has controlled Power Corporation for decades.
|Desmarais, Paul, Jr.||
Source(s): 2006, 2008 lists.
Member of the family that has controlled Power Corporation for decades.
Source(s): 1998, 2000, 2002 lists.
Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition 1993-1994. U.S. deputy secretary of defense and undersecretary of energy. CIA director 1995-1996. Professor MIT. Director Belfer Center, Harvard. Director of Citigroup, Cummins, Raytheon, and Schlumberger Ltd.
|Donilon, Thomas E.||
Source(s): 1998 ("Partner, O'Melveny & Myers")-2008, 2012, 2014, 2015 lists.
Executive Vice President for Law and Policy at Fannie Mae, the federally chartered mortgage finance company, as a registered lobbyist from 1999 through 2005.
|Esrey, William T.||
Source(s): 1989, 1990, 1992 lists.
Chairman and CEO of the Sprint Corporation.
Source(s): 1991 list.
Senator from California 1992-. Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee 2009-2015 (succeeding Sen. Jay Rockefeller, who remained a member), vice chair 2015-2017. Ranking Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee 2017-.
Source(s): 2004 list only.
Well-known neocon of the Bush era.
Source(s): 1996, 1998-1999, 2001-2003, 2005-2008, 2010-2011 lists.
Harvard economics professor. Chair President's Council of Economic Advisors. President and CEO National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER).
Source(s): 1988, 1990, 1995, 2002 lists.
State of Washington congressman 1965-1995, House Majority Whip 1981-1987, speaker of the House 1989-1995. Chair of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board (PSAC) 1996-1997 under Clinton. Ambassador to Japan 1997-2001.
Source(s): 1993-1994 lists.
Joined Bilderberg in 1993 as "Senior Partner and Chairman, Goldman Sachs & Co."
Source(s): 2004-2009, 2013 lists.
Under secretary of the Treasury for international affairs 1998-2001. President and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York 2003-2009. Secretary of the Treasury 2009-2013. President and managing director of Warburg Pincus 2014-. As many here, involved in countless NGOs.
|Gephardt, Richard A. "Dick"||
Source(s): 2012 list only.
Democrat congressman from Missouri 1977-2005. House Majority Leader 1989-1995. House Minority Leader 1995-2003. "President and CEO, Gephardt Group" when he visited Bilderberg in 2012..
Source(s): 1992, 1995 lists.
White House staffer under Nixon, Ford and Reagan. "Editor-at-Large, U.S. News and World Report" when initially invited to Bilderberg in 1992. Counselor to President Clinton 1993-1994. Visitor of the Bohemian Grove and involved in countless other NGOs.
|Gerstner, Louis V., Jr.||
Source(s): 1994, 1997 lists.
Chairman and CEO, IBM.
Source(s): 1988, 1990, 1991, 1994 lists.
Publisher of the Washington Post. Close to long-time Washington Post investor, director and advisor Warren Buffett.
|Graham, Donald E.||
Source(s): 1999-2001, 2004-2005, 2008-2010, 2012-2013 lists.
Publisher Washington Post 1979-2000, succeeding his mother, Katharine. Director Facebook 2009-2015. Visitor Sun Valley Meetings.
|Greenberg, Maurice R.||
Source(s): 1989-1991 lists.
President and CEO of American International Group (AIG) 1968-2005. Derivaties related to AIG and Goldman Sachs were particularly closely tied to the 2008 financial crisis. Top globalist involved in over 60 NGOs, many in relation to China and in many alongside his good friend Henry Kissinger. Member of the Bohemian Grove, alongside Kissinger, Paul Volcker and David Rockefeller.
|Greenberg, Evan G.||
Source(s): 2014, 2017 lists.
Son of Maurice, who is being sponsored by his father in a number of NGOs, including the Trilateral Commission, Bilderberg, the Atlantic Council, the Center for the National Interest and more.
Source(s): 2002 list only.
Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers to President Ford (and vice president Nelson Rockefeller and secretary of state Henry Kissinger) 1974-1977. Trustee RAND Corporation 1986-1987 and briefly a member of the Trilateral Commission in the same period. Chairman Federal Reserve System 1987-2006. Founded Greenspan Associates LLC immediately after leaving the FED. Special consultant PIMCO 2007-. Senior advisor to Deutsche Bank 2007-. Advisor to Paulson & Co. 2008-. Involved in two dozen NGOs: director Peterson Institute; member Group of Thirty; etc.
Source(s): 1991, 1999, 2003-2005, 2007 lists.
Rhodes Scholar. Staffer DOD 1979-1980. Staffer State Department 1981-. Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director Near East and South Asian Affairs, National Security Council, 1989-1993. Director of Policy Planning at the State Department under Colin Powell 2001-2003. President CFR 2003-2020s. Involved in countless other privately-funded think tanks, including the Brookings Institution and Carnegie Endowment.
|Haig, Alexander M., Jr.||
Source(s): 1978 list only.
Henry Kissinger protege. U.S. Secretary of State. President, Worldwide Associates, Inc. Founding advisory board member of "conservative CIA" outlet Newsmax. Advisory board member of Israel lobby group Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP). Etc.
Source(s): March and Oct. 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1961-1963, 1966, 1968-1972, 1974, 1978.
Economics instructor Harvard 1938-1940. Worked at the NY Fed in 1939. Economics professor Princeton 1940-1942. Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II. Economist with the State Banking Department in New York State 1947-1950. Economic advisor to the 1948 presidential campaign of Thomas Dewey. Assistant Editor of Business Week magazine 1950-1952. Member CFR 1950-. Director or Citizens for Eisenhower in 1952. Economic advisor to President Eisenhower 1953-1958. Joined Manufacturers Trust Company in 1948, becoming chair in 1970. Treasurer and director Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) 1964-1981.
Source(s): 1958, 1964-1966 lists.
David Rockefeller mentor. Trustee Rockefeller Foundation 1946-1949, 1953-1958. Chairman Chase Manhattan Bank 1953-1960. Chairman CFR 1953–1970, with David Rockefeller following him up. Trustee Ford Foundation 1953-, chair 1958-1964.
|Heinz, H.J., II, "Jack"||
Source(s): 1954-1986 list (advisory group by the 1980s; visited every single Bilderberg until his death).
1908-1987. His grandfather founded H. J. Heinz Company, with his father becoming president of the company. Yale Skull & Bones member. Studied at Oxford. President and CEO Heinz Company 1941-1966. Founding chairman of Heinz Endowments 1941-1987. Worked with Richard King Mellon in cleaning up the environment of Pittsburgh. Chaired the U.S. arm of the International Chamber of Commerce 1948-1951. Chairman U.S. delegation to the Economic Commission for Europe 1958-1959. Close ally of David Rockefeller and Laurance Rockefeller.
|Heinz, John, III||
Source(s): 1978 list only.
Son of H.J. Heinz, II. Senator from 1977 to 1991, when his plane crashed and he was killed.
Source(s): 1975 list only.
President University of Notre Dame. Trustee Rockefeller Foundation 1961-1981, chair 1977-1981.
Source(s): 1996-1999, 2004-2010 lists.
"Surrogate son" of Rockefeller man Dean Rusk who became an influential Democratic diplomat. See his biography at the Trilateral Commission, of which he was a lifetime member since 1975.
|Hormats, Robert D.||
Source(s): 1983, 1985-1986, 2010 lists.
National Security Council staffer 1969-1977, advising Henry Kissinger, General Brent Scowcroft and Zbigniew Brzezinski on economic affairs. Assistant secretary of state for economic and business affairs 1981-1982.
|Huntsman, John M., Jr.||
Source(s): 2012 list only.
Bilderberg bio: "Chairman, Huntsman Cancer Foundation." Ambassador to Singapore 1992-1993. Deputy Trade Representative 2001-2003. Governor of Utah 2005-2009. Ambassador to China 2009-2011. Ambassador to Russia 2017-2019. Involved in various NGOs: member CFR since 1994, trustee Asia Society anno 2000, visitor Munich Security Conference in 2007, member of the Trilateral Commission from 2013 to 2017, and chairman of the Atlantic Council anno 2014.
Source(s): 2004 list only.
Joined Time magzine in 1978. CFR member since 1979. Became editor of Time magazine in 1996. Chair and CEO of CNN July 2001-2003. President and CEO of the Aspen Institute 2003-. Wrote biographies on Apple founder Steve Jobs and Henry Kissinger. Advisory partner at financial services firm Perella Weinberg. Involved in over two dozen important NGOs.
|Jones, Thomas V.||
Source(s): 1987 list only.
Engineer at the Douglas Aircraft Company since 1942. Became a researcher at the RAND Corporation in 1953. Chairman and CEO Northrop Corporation 1960-1989 (president 1959-, chairman 1963-). Member of the 1001 Club. Similar to Lockheed, Northrop was involved in paying bribes to Prince Bernhard, which led to the 1976 Lockheed Affair and the cancelation of the Bilderberg event for that year. Northrop's role was kept quiet, however, by Dutch researchers, in order to protect the prince from even more negative press.
|Jordan, Vernon C.||
Source(s): 1979-1985, 1987, 1989-2009 (1981-1993: certainly steering committee, likely much longer), 2011-2013, 2016-2017, 2019 lists. (1979-2019: 40 years).
Partner in Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld. Civil right activist in the 1960s. Trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation 1971-1984. Trustee of the New World Foundation with Hillary Clinton in the late 1980s. Closest elite advisor of governor and then president Bill Clinton, whom he brought into the Trilateral Commission and Bilderberg in 1991, at the start of Clinton's presidential campaign. Involved in over three dozen important NGOs. Died in 2021.
Source(s): 2004 list only.
Yale and Harvard-educated. Member CFR 1984-. Neocon scholar who co-founded the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) in 1997, four years before 9/11. Joined the Trilateral Commission in 2004-2005. Involved in over two dozen important NGOs.
Source(s): 1988, 1993 lists.
President, American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO).
Source(s): 1981 list.
Neocon scholar involved in over three dozen important NGOs. member CFR 1981-. U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations under Reagan 1981-1985. Died in 2006.
Source(s): October 1957, 1964, 1977-1978, 1980-1992 lists (steering committee by 1981, when first identified in the official membership lists), 1994-2019 lists (online listed as steering committee until March 2011, 9 months after Bilderberg first set up a website).
Protege of the Rockefellers, initially as an expert on nuclear weapons. National security advisor 1969-1975, and with that head of the 40 Committee that oversaw CIA operations. Secretary of state 1973-1977.Founder of Kissinger Associates in 1981. Played key roles in Bilderberg, the Trilateral Commission and other NGOs on behalf of David Rockefeller. Involved in over 150 important NGOs, a good 50% more than any other globalist.
Source(s): 1989, 1990-1996 (joined steering committee in 1990), 1998-2019 lists (co-chair of the steering committee anno 2020)
Wife of fellow-bilderberger Henry Kravis. became a member of the Trilateral Commission in the 1990s. CFR member since 2005. Trustee vice chair of the neocon Hudson Institute anno 2019. Top globalist involved in over 30 important NGOs, alongside her husband, Henry Kravis.
Source(s): 1992-1993, 1996, 1998 (first time with wife), 2000-2008, 2010-2019 lists.
Top globalist involved in over 30 important NGOs, alongside his wife, Marie-Josee. Co-founder of global investment firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts / KKR & Co. Inc. CIA director and top globalist David Petraeus was picked as chairman of the KKR Global Institute when it was founded in 2013. Member CFR 1992-, director 2006-.
Source(s): 1995 list only.
Son of CIA asset Irving Kristol. Neocon political analyst with lifetime involvement in about three dozen NGOs.
Source(s): 1974, 1978, 1980, 1982-1985 (steering committee), 1987, 1996 lists.
Son of Mary Pillsbury Lord, a representative of Eisenhower to the United Nations, president of the International Rescue Committee, and a governor of the Atlantic Institute of International Affairs.
|MacLaury, Bruce K.||
Source(s): 1977, 1980-1985 lists (steering committee: 1981-1985)
Joined the Federal Reserve of New York in 1959, left as a vice president in the research division in 1969. Member CFR 1968-. Deputy under secretary for monetary affairs under Nixon 1969-1971. President, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, 1971–1977. President Brookings Institution 1977-1995. Founding member Trilateral Commission in 1973 until at least 1990 (executive in the late 1970s and early 1980s). Visitor Bilderberg 1977, 1980-1985, steering committee 1981-1985. Member of the Bretton Woods Committee in the 1990s and 2000s, alongside David Rockefeller, George Soros, Henry Kissinger and countless other elites.
|Mathias, Charles "Mac", Jr.||
Source(s): 1967-1968, 1970, 1972, 1974-1975, 1981, 1984-1993 lists (steering committee).
Congressman from Maryland 1961-1969. Senator from Maryland 1969-1987. Member Church Committee 1975-1976. The Church Committee investigated abuses by the CIA, NSA, FBI and IRS. He played an important role in the Final Report, Book Five, "The Investigation of the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy: Performance of the Intelligence Agencies, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, 1976".
Source(s): 1958, 1964-1966 lists.
Chairman Rockefeller Foundation 1946-1949 and 1953-1958. Trustee Ford Foundation 1953-58, chairman 1958-1965. Chairman Chase National Bank 1953-1960. Chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1953-1970, where David Rockefeller followed him up in that position. Family-appointed mentor to David Rockefeller at Chase Manhattan Bank and the CFR. Member of the Pilgrims Society. Governor Atlantic Institute for International Affairs. President Kennedy's principal disarmament adviser 1961-1963. Member of the Warren Commission in 1963.
Source(s): 1968, 1969, 1975 lists.
President, Ford Motors, 1960-1961, and helped rebuild the company. Secretary of defense 1961-1968, during the escalation of the Vietnam War. CFR member 1968-. President World Bank 1968-1982. Trustee Ford Foundation 1968-1986. Member Trilateral Commission from at least 1981, eventually being listed as "lifetime trustee" in the 2000s. Founding member board of international advisory board of Goldman Sachs in 1982, alongside chairman Henry Kissinger. Member Pilgrims Society and 1001 Club. Director Atlantic Council and the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations. Member international advisory council, Population Institute; and council member of Population Action International. At the time of his death in 2009 involved in at least three dozen important NGOs over his lifetime.
|Mitchell, Sen. George J.||
Source(s): bilderbergmeetings.org/background/steering-committee/former-steering-committee-members (accessed: Aug. 28, 2021); apparently never attended an annual Bilderberg confrence, so it seems his appointment was withdrawn or he only attended one or a handful of steering committee meetings).
Senator from Maine 1980-1995. Initial vice chair 9/11 Commission Nov.-Dec. 2002, but resigned as well when chairman Henry Kissinger was forced out. Known visitor of the Jeffrey Epstein mansion.
Source(s): 1967-1971, 1973 lists.
Source(s): 1954-1958, 1961, 1963 lists.
Joined investment bank Dillon, Read & Co. in 1929. Vice-president of Dillon Read - a major financier of Nazi Germany corporation prior to World War II - 1939-1941. Married Phyllis Pratt, daughter of John Teele Pratt, a Standard Oil financier. Nitze's brother-in-law, the industrialist Walter Paepcke, founded the Aspen Institute, together with oilman Robert O. Anderson, who would become a close ally of David Rockefeller.
Source(s): 1996-1997 lists.
Senator from Georgia 1972-1997. Involved in about four dozen important NGOs over his lifetime, in later years supplemented by his daughter Michelle Nunn, who, in contrast to her father, became a member of the Trilateral Commission.
|Nye, Joseph, Jr.||
Source(s): 1994 list only.
Harvard political scientiest with deep NGO involvement. See Trilateral Commission bio.
|Paulson, Henry C., Jr. "Hank"||
Source(s): 2007 list only.
CEO of Goldman Sachs 2000-2006. Secretary of the Treasury 2006-2009 under George W. Bush. 2011 founder and chair of the Paulson Institute, largely focused on trade with China.
Source(s): 1983, 1985, 2001-2015 lists.
1st assistant secretary of defense for global strategic affairs under Reagan 1981-1987, during which he visited the extremely secret Cercle Pinay group. Chairman of the Defense Policy Board under George W. Bush 2001-2003.
Source(s): 1996 list only.
Under secretary of defense for research and engineering under Jimmy Carter 1977-1981. Deputy secretary of defense under Clinton 1993-1994. Secretary of defense under Clinton 1994-1997.
|Peterson, Peter G.||
Source(s): 1978 list only.
Chairman Lehman Brothers. Founder Blackstone Group, which held the mortgage on WTC 7 on 9/11. Pilgrims Society. Good friend of David Rockefeller and Henry Kissinger.
Source(s): 2009, 2013-2019 lists.
Member of the CFR since 1986. CIA director 2011-2012, but fired after news came out of an extramarital affair he had. Chairman, KKR Global Institute, through which he kept visiting Bilderberg. Part of the 2012 annual meeting of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers (AFIO), where he was photographed talking to former CIA directors William Webster and Robert Gates, as well as John Negroponte. Trump's initial national security advisor, General Mike Flynn (who helped push the bogus Pizzagate and was close to Blackwater's Erik Prince in JSOC), was a protege of the controversial General Stanley McChrystal (of JSOC), who himself was a protege of David Petraeus. Senior vice president of Royal United Services Institution (RUSI). Director Atlantic Council. Visitor Forstmann Little Conferences.
Source(s): 1994 list only.
Executive secretary, State Department 1973-1974. Member CFR 1975- director 2002-2007. Ambassador to Jordan 1974-1978, Nigeria 1981-1983, El Salvador 1983-1985, Israel 1985-1988, United Nations 1989-1992, India 1992-1993, Russia 1993-1996. Under secretary of state for political affairs 1997-2001. Top 10 Superclass Index with lifetime involvement in more than 70 NGOs.
Source(s): 1981-1982 lists.
Source(s): 1997 list only.
Senior military assistant to secretary of defense Caspar Weinberger at the time of the 1983 Grenada invasion and 1986 airstrikes on Libya. Member CFR 1986-. Deputy national security advisor 1986-1987. National security advisor 1987-1989. Became a four-star general in 1989. Chair Joint Chiefs of Staff 1989-1993. Secretary of state 2001-2005. Lifetime involvement in more than 45 NGOs.
|Raymond, Lee R.||
Source(s): 1990 list only.
Director ExxonMobil 1984-, president 1987-1993, CEO 1993-1999, chair and CEO 1999-2005. Director JPMorgan Chase 1987-2020. Vice chair American Enterprise Institute in the 2000s. See more details in Trilateral Commission biography.
Source(s): 2008 list only.
George Shultz protege. National security advisor 2001-2005 and secretary of state 2005-2009 under George W. Bush. Top 20 globalist with lifetime involvement in over 50 NGOs.
Source(s): 1985, 1987-1989, 1991-1992 (steering committee), 1994 lists.
Ambassador to Finland 1977-1980, East Germany 1983-1985. CFR member 1980-. Assistant secretary of state for European and Canadian affairs 1985-1989. Regular Bilderberg involvent over 1985-1994. President Atlantic Council 1989-1993, co-chair 1993-1996. Member Trilateral Commission mid 1990s. Trustee Brookings.
|Rockefeller, Nelson A.||
Source(s): 1974 list only.
Older brother of David Rockefeller and similarly a good friend of Henry Kissinger. Governor of New York 1959-1973. U.S. vice president under Gerald Ford 1974-1977, with Henry Kissinger as secretary of state. Died in 1979.
|Rockefeller, Sharon Percy||
Source(s): 1992, 1997 lists only, but still listed as steering committee; bilderbergmeetings.org/ background/steering-committee/former-steering-committee-members (accessed: May 13, 2021): "Rockefeller, Sharon Percy (USA)".
Wife of former Senator Jay Rockefeller, a nephew of David Rockefeller who served as West Virginia governor 1977-1985 and West Virginia senator 1985-2015.
Source(s): 1954, Sep. 1955, 1957 (both), 1958-1959, 1961-1972 ('71: with Nelson's son Jay), 1974 (with brother Nelson)-1985 (certainly listed as a member of both the advisory board and the steering committee), (NOT present: 1986), 1987-2006, 2008-2009, 2011, 2013 lists. (1954-2013: 59 years) NOT PRESENT AT 8 CONFERENCES OVER 59 YEARS: March '55, '56, '60, '73, '86, '07, '10, '12.
Chair and CEO of Chase Manhattan Bank 1969-1981. CFR 1970-1985. Founder and honorary chairman Trilateral Commission 1973-. Involved in over 70 NGOs during his lifetime, with hundreds more receiving funding from his Chase Manhattan Bank and various foundations.
|Rockefeller, David, Jr.||
Source(s): 1989 list only ("Chairman, Rockefeller Brothers Fund").
Son of David Rockefeller. Rather insignificant.
|Roosa, Robert Vincent||
Source(s): 1975, 1979, 1982 lists.
Rhodes scholar. Partner Brown Brothers Harriman 1965-1991. Director CFR 1966-1981. Trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation 1967-1982, vice chair 1978-1982. See the rest of the biography in the Trilateral Commission list.
Source(s): 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012 lists.
Famous interviewer, often of elite guests, also at places as the Sun Valley. "Canceled" in November 2017 after allegations dating back 20-30 years of sexual harassment.
Source(s): 2017 list only.
Co-founder in 1987 and managing director, The Carlyle Group.
Source(s): 1975, 2002.
Source(s): March and Sep. 1955; 1956 paper, Joseph Retinger, 'The Bilderberg Group' (steering committee); Feb. 1957, 1969.
Rhodes Scholar 1933. Member CFR 1952-. President Rockefeller Foundation 1952-1960. Kennedy's secretary of state 1961-1969.
Source(s): 1990 only.
Protege of superclass economist Martin Feldstein at Harvard and the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), which Feldstein was president and CEO of 1977-1981, 1983-2008
Jan. 13, 2019, Harvard Gazette, 'The economist who connected across politics' (Martin Feldstein): "At Harvard, Feldstein taught Ec 10, the introductory course in economics and one of the College's most popular undergraduate classes, from 1984 to 2005. Some of his students became influential policy economists themselves, including Larry Summers [and] Jeffrey Sachs.... Summers was a sophomore when Feldstein hired him as a research assistant."
April 5, 1998, Washingtonm Post, 'Tiff in the Economists' Temple': "They met as graduate students, working side by side most nights at the university computer center. In time, they gravitated to the same dissertation adviser and published a paper together showing how to apply the mathematics of rocket science to economic analysis. They argued fine points of theory over dinner at each other's apartments and attended each other's weddings. And on the same day in 1983, Jeff Sachs and Larry Summers became the youngest professors ever to win tenure from Harvard University.
Assistant professor Harvard 1980-1982, associate professor in 1982-1983. Harvard's Galen L. Stone Professor of International Trade 1983-2002.
Sachs played a major role in restructuring various economies from protectionist to capitalist. Similar in style to restructuring the German economy after both world wars, it came to be known as "Shock Therapy":
Timelime of elite ties developed by Sachs:
In the modern era, Sachs has turned into a raging Soros-like antifa propaganist who defends every extremist, dictatorial regime over the United States, and on top of that promotes white guilt / hatred of whites:
April 14, 2021, BBC Newsnight, Jeffrey Sachs interview: "NARRATOR: Each is accusing the other of not doing enough, even last year producing rival reports on each other's climate transgressions. And as of late their relations have become strained in so many other ways. As demonstrated by last month ill-tempered and decidedly undiplomatic summit in Alaska, the Chinese said the US has no right to talk down to them [and] the U.S. openly attack Beijing's human rights record. Specifically, the Biden administration formally defined China's treatment of Uyghur Muslims as genocide and has talked in strong terms about mass detention and sterilization of minorities. ...
January 20, 2020, France 24 France YouTube channel, 'US exceptionalism is self-destructive', Jeffrey Sachs tells FRANCE 24': "A lot of the US establishment has been obsessed with Iran for decades. Part of it goes back to the hostage taking 40 years ago, after all, in 1979, when the US-backed Shah of Iran fell from power. And with that obsession and actually so many things the US has done against Iran, including arming Iraq to go to war with Iran after 1979, in the 1980s, the relations have been frought. President Obama tried to normalize those relations and that was the right approach. We had this important agreement Trump, who is unstable and dangerous actually for the whole world and dangerous for us in the United States, has gone out to break this agreement and I'm afraid that European leaders have been so sadly passive and ineffective in defending the agreement that the whole world, other than Trump, backs. And this is what is so dangerous right now. Iran has been squeezed massively by US economic sanctions and Europe hasn't done anything. And so Iran has said, "What are we supposed to do? We are not going to abide now by this agreement." Europe huffs and puffs not against Trump, but against Iran! Saying, "You have to abide by the agreement!" But the fact of the matter is, Europe should find its voice and say to Trump, "Stop the bullying. We want a global agreement with Iran. If you don't want it, that is your business. But none of these sanctions against us for going forward with what the whole world other than you, Mr. Trump, wants." ...
December 21, 2020, Vice, 'Workers Say Patrons Ignored Nonprofit Leader's 'Culture of Fear' for Years': "Former employees told VICE World News that complaints about [Sachs protege, the black Belay] Begashaw have been made to upper management, and Sachs, for almost 10 years. Even after the investigation into Begashaw finally began in Rwanda, former employees said, investigators at the auditing firm KPMG were not thorough, and not independent enough from the organization itself. ...
Source(s): 2007-2008, 2010-2022 (steering committee no later than 2017).
Chair and CEO of Google.
Source(s): 1985, 1988, 1994.
Close David Rockefeller friend. Hoover Institution, etc.
Director, Policy Planning, U. S. Department of State. President and CEO New America Foundation.
Source(s): 1990, 1994, 2000, 2002.
Formed his Open Society Institute / Open Society Foundations in 1979. Member CFR 1988-, director 1995-2004. Founded his International Crisis Group in 1995. Almost annual World Economic Forum in Davos visitor since at least 1996. Sat on the board of Refugees International by the late 1990s. Trilateral Commission membership lists: May 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005 lists.
February 10, 2009, Forbes, 'In Pictures: The Wealthiest At The World Economic Forum': "A regular each year at the Davos meeting, Soros gave a keynote address to an opening media lunch, spoke at private dinners, huddled in a hotel lobby with the Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz and sat for round after round of interviews."
Jan. 25, 2008, globalcustodian.com, 'CEOs At World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Cite Sovereign Wealth Funds As The New Power Broker': "We need a new sheriff to police global financial markets-75% disagreed with this motion, which was led by Nandan Nilekani, executive co-chairman of Infosys Technologies. 25% agreed with George Soros, chairman of Soros Fund Management, who was for this motion. ...
Early 2001, George Soros at WEF to Ben Cashdan: "Today South Africa is very much in the hands of international capital."
|Strauss, Robert S.||
Source(s): 1982, 1989, 1990, 1992 (mainly Vernon Jordan, a member of the same law firm, visited)
Partner in Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld.
Source(s): 1998, 2002, 2007-2010, 2014, 2017, 2018 (steering committee).
Source(s): 1989-1998 (joined steering committee in 1991), 2000, 2003-2007, 2009-2015.
Source(s): '07-'19 (steering committee since at least '10 and still anno '21).
|Thornton, John L.||
Source(s): 1999-2004. In 2011-2012, 2014, his John L. Thornton China Center was represented at Bilderberg by Cheng Li.
Joined Goldman Sachs in 1980. Co-CEO Goldman Sachs International 1995-1996. CFR member 1997-. Chair Goldman Sachs Asia 1996-1998. Co-president and co-COO of Goldman Sachs 1999-2003. Left the bank when CEO Henry Paulson decided to stay on in CEO (until 2006). Bilderberg visitor 1999-2004.
Source(s): 1970 list only..
General counsel DOD 1961-1962. Secretary of the army 1962-1964. Member CFR 1968-. Member Pilgrims Society from at least 1969 to at least 1995. Deputy secretary of defense 1964-1967. Bilderberg visitor in 1970. Trustee Rockefeller Foundation 1970-1976, chair 1975-1976. Founding member of David Rockefeller's Trilateral Commission 1973-. Secretary of state 1977-1980. Lifetime involvement in more than 40 important NGOs.
Source(s): 1982-1983, 1986-1988, 1992, 1997, 2009-2010 lists (never steering committee).
Economist at the New York Federal Reserve Bank 1952-1957, mentored by Robert Vincent Roosa. Financial economist with the Rockefeller's Chase Manhattan Bank 1957-1962. Brought into the Treasury Department by Roosa 1962-1965. Vice president and director of planning at the same Chase Manhattan Bank 1965-1969. Secretary of the Treasury for international monetary affairs under Nixon (and besides Kissinger) 1969-1974, playing a key role in doing away with the Bretton Woods system in which the dollar was pegged to gold reserves. CFR member 1970-.
|Wharton, Clifton R., Jr.||
Source(s): 1978 list only.
Among the few African-Americans in elite circles. In 1950 he married Dolores Duncan, whom he met at Harvard. By the 1980s she was president of the Fund for Corporate Initiatives, Inc., focused on enhancing the situation of women and minorities within American corporation. She came to serve on the boards of Phillips Petroleum, Kellogg, and Gannett.
|Whitehead, John C.||
Source(s): 1984-1987, 1989, 1990-1992 (steering committee), 1993-1997.
Partner Goldman Sachs 1956-1984 and senior partner and co-chair 1976-1984. Chair of the international advisory board of Goldman Sachs 1984-1985. Advisory chair SEC 1968-1970. Director New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). Member Conference Board, the CFR, and the Trilateral Commission (1982-1985), a bilderberg regular between 1984-1997, and a councilor at CSIS. Deputy secretary of state under George Shultz 1985-1989. Lifetime involvement in over 65 important NGOs, many alongside David Rockefeller and Henry Kissinger.
|Wolfensohn, James D.||
Source(s): 1985, 1987 (steering committee), 1988-2000, 2002-2003, 2005-2015 (listed as steering committee in 2010, so likely for many preceeding years too), 2017 lists. bilderbergmeetings.org/governance.html (accessed: June 17, 2010; first capture): "Steering Committee... Kissinger, Henry A. ... Sutherland, Peter D. ... Wallenberg, Jacob ... Wolfensohn, James D."
|Wolfowitz, Paul D.||
Source(s): 1990, 1994-1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010 lists (steering committee at one point, likely in the mid 1990s).
Source(s): 2003, 2005 lists.
Well-known editor, columnist and news host. See the Trilateral Commission list for details.
|Zoellick, Robert B.||
Source(s): 2003, 2006, 2008-2015 (steering committee), 2017 lists.
Graduated from Harvard's Kennedy School of Government in 1981. Counselor State Department 1989-1992. CFR member since 1991. Undersecretary of state for economic and agricultural affairs under George H. W. Bush 1991-1992. White House deputy chief of staff under George H. W. Bush 1992-1993.
Source(s): 2006-2007 lists.
Executive director 9/11 Commission in 2003.
Source(s): 1994 list only.
Chair and Editor-in-Chief, U.S. News & World Report, New York City.
British Bilderberg names
Source(s): 1978, 1983-1984, 1987, 1989, chairman of Bilderberg 1990-1998, 2013.
Chairman of the Australia and New Zealand Bank 1969-1970, with directorships in Hambros Bank and Barclays Bank in the 1960s and 1970s. Defence Secretary 1970-1974. Chairman of the Conservative Party 1972-1974. Foreign affairs minister 1979-1982. President Pilgrims Society 1983-2002. Founding director of Kissinger Associates 1982-1984, 1988-1997. Director general of NATO 1984-1988. Died in 2018. Among the best-connected globalist of his time, with involvement in over two dozen important NGOs, including the CFR, Bilderberg and Trilateral Commission.
Source(s): 2009-2010, 2012, 2017-2019 lists.
|Grierson, Sir Ronald||
Source(s): 1971, 1980, 1992, 1998 lists.
Source(s): 1954-1958, 1960-1965, 1967, 1971, 1973-1975, 1980-1981, 1984, 1986, 1992 (co-founder and steering committee member for 30 years)
In 1936 he won an exhibition scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford. Member of the Communist Party 1937-1940. At Oxford, Healey met future Prime Minister Edward Heath (then known as "Teddy"), whom he succeeded as president of Balliol College Junior Common Room, and who became a lifelong friend and political rival. Became a prominent Labour politician. MP 1955-1992. Secretary of state for defence 1964-1970. Chancellor of the Exchequer 1974-1979. Deputy leader of the Labour Party 1980-1983.
MP 1950-1987. Financial Secretary to the Treasury 1957-1958. Minister for Health 1960-1963. Shadow Secretary of State for Defence 1965-1968. His Bilderberg appearance came 6 days after his infamous "Rivers of Blood" speech in which he warned of the dangers of Third World immigration. 67 and 82 per cent of the UK population agreed with Powell's speech, but the establishment criticized, with Edward Heath firing him as shadow secretary of state for defense immediately after his Bilderberg visit.
|Robertson, Lord George||
Source(s): 1998, 2001 lists.
|Roll, Lord Eric||
Source(s): Attended all conferences between 1969-2002; steering committee since at least 1975; chair 1985-1989.
Member of Ernest Bevin's team negotiating post-war aid for Britain under the Marshall Plan; and he took part in the Schuman Plan discussions on the future of the European coal and steel industries. Economic Minister and British director of the IMF and World Bank in Washington, D.C. 1962-1964. Director Bank of England 1968-1977. Deputy chairman of S.G. Warburg & Company 1967-, co-chairman 1974-1987. After (fellow-Pilgrims Society member) Siegmund Warburg's death in 1982, Roll and the veteran Warburg partner Henry Grunfeld fulfilled the role of "uncles" within S.G. Warburg. Stayed an advisor to S.G. Warburg until it merged with UBS into UBS Warburg. Director Times Newspapers Ltd, 1967–80 and Times Newspapers Holdings Ltd, 1980–83. Governor of the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs anno 1987. Member CFR. Member Trilateral Commission since at least 1975. Member of Bilderberg's Steering Committee since at least 1975. Chairman of Bilderberg from 1985 to 1989. Governor of the Ditchley Foundations. Member Pilgrims Society anno 1980.
|Sutherland, Sir Peter||
Source(s): 1989-1998 (steering committee 1991-), 2000, 2002-2007, 2009-2014.
Came to Bilderberg in 1995 with the biography: "Former Member, Commission of the European Communities; Member, Action Committee for Europe; Chairman Designate, Allied Irish Banks." 1st director-general of the World Trade Organization (WTO) 1993-1995. Chairman Goldman Sachs 1995-2015. Chairman BP 1997-2010. Director of Allianz, Koc Holding (Turkey) and BW Shipping in Singapore late in his life. Possibly the best-connected globalist at the time of his death in 2018, with involvement in over three dozen important NGOs.
|White, Sir Eric Wyndham||
Source(s): 1964, 1966 lists.
Special assistant to the European Director of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration in 1948. Co-founder and first executive secretary of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1948-1965, first director-general of GATT 1965-1968. GATT was first discussed during the 1947 United Nations Conference on Trade was signed by 23 nations in Geneva on 30 October 1947. In 1995 GATT was largely replaced by the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Dutch Bilderberg names
|Beugel, Ernst van der||
Source(s): 1959-1995 (certainly steering committee and advisory committee at times), 1996, 1999, 2001, 2003-2011, 2013-2015.
Professor of Western Cooperation after World War II at the University of Leiden, where many Dutch royals and other elites study. Jaap de Hoop Scheffer was among his pupils. Secretary of State for European Cooperation anno 1957, which is when he first met Rockefeller protege Henry Kissinger, at the time Kissinger was promoting his book 'Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy'. President-director of royal KLM airlines, where he became involved with Prince Bernhard.
Source(s): 1961-1964, 1967, 1969-1977, 1979-1980, 1982 (member advisory committee from at least here to at least 1992), 1984, 1986, 1988-1989, 1991-1992, 1994-1996, 1998.
Private secretary to Queen Wilhelmina of Orange 1945-1948. Dutch Foreign Office 1948-1952, during which he was head of its German Bureau and Director of European Affairs. Vice president of the Netherlands' Schuman Plan delegation in 1950, serving as Secretary to the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) 1952-1956. Founding vice president and secretary general of the Action Committee for a United States of Europe (ACUSE), founded in 1956 and headed by Jean Monnet, "Europe's founder". Regular Bilderberg visitor since 1961.
|Loudon, John Hugo||
Source(s): 1962, 1965, 1972 (in 1984 nephew Aarnout Loudon visited).
Second son of Shell founder Hugo Loudon (1860-1941), who did so with the later pro-Hitler Sir Henri Deterding. By 1922 he was closely associated with Deterding, who would become a major Nazi supporter in the 1930s:
|Orange, Prince Bernhard of||
Source(s): 1954-1975 (founding chair until the 1976 Lockheed affair, when Bilderberg was canceled over it that year).
On the founding of the Bilderberg meeting:
1962, Alden Hatch, 'H. R. H. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands: An Authorized Biography', pp. 103, 214-217: "Chief of Staff, general Walter Bedell Smith. Bedell Smith was destined to become one of his closest friends. ...
May 29-31, 1954, 1st Bilderberg conference paper: "An American speaker said that McCarthyism had not only rocked the world, but had caused many misunderstandings between the United States and her friends. There were two aspects of the phenomenon: chasing Communism and combating Communism. On McCarthy as a chaser of Communists American opinion was divided into three camps: those who strongly disapproved, those who approved of the aims of McCarthyism but who disapproved of the methods used, and those who were in complete agreement with it. The speaker believed that these three currents of opinion would continue to exist as long as McCarthy was in the Senate. McCarthyism had caused a split in religious circles, while among the general public tens of millions of sincere Americans disagreed on the subject. McCarthyism, moreover, had caused strife between the legislature and the executive. Communism at the present time certainly made a greater impact than it had done formerly, and McCarthyism might have fostered it to a certain extent. The speaker believed, however, that in the long run the American political system would peacefully and democratically absorb McCarthyism.
Source(s): 1954 list (first meeting; co-founder); 1956 paper, Joseph Retinger, 'The Bilderberg Group' ("superintendent of the treasury").
Dutch. Founding chairman of Unilever 1930-. Member of Prince Bernhard's Tie Club / Dasseclub 1948-. Key member of the Rijkens Group, an unofficial big business lobby created in 1952 that was trying to influence Dutch foreign policy in Indonesia. Both the Tie Club and Rijkens Group were very secretive.
Source(s): 1969, 1972, 1973 list.
Worked at Bank Mees prior to World War II. Joined Shell in 1946. Stationed at Curacao, Venezuela, Engeland, Indonesia and again in Venezuela. President-director Shell 1971-1977, chairman of the advisory board 1977-1987. Made waves in the Netherlands through the Wagner Report of 1981.
Italian Bilderberg names
Source(s): 1954 and October 1957 lists (represented through Fiat president Vittorio Valletta); Oct. 1957-1960, 1962-1979, 1981, 1984-1998 (certainly steering committee until at least 1994), 2000 lists.
Grandson of Giovanni Agnelli (1866-1945), the founder of the Italian car manufacturer Fiat. Gianni controlled Fiat from 1966 until his death 2003. During this period he became Italy's richest man in history, whose Fiat controlled up to 4.4% of Italy's GDP.
Source(s): 1983, 1994-1995, 1999-2000 lists.
Gianni's younger brother. His son died of a rare form of cancer in 1997, while being groomed as the next head of Fiat. Eventually this became John Elkann (Agnelli).
|(Agnelli) Elkann, John||
Source(s): 2005- (vice chair FIAT anno 2005); bilderbergmeetings.org/background/steering-committee/steering-committee (accessed: May 25, 2020): "co-chairs: ...Elkann, John..."
Took control of family firm Fiat after the death of his grandfather, Gianni Agnelli (1921-2003), in 2003.
Source(s): 1972-1980 lists (steering committee member).
Tied into Italy's old nobility. Son of Mariano Cittadini, one of the founders of Italy's Fascist Party in 1920. Foreign service officer 1932-. First permanent representative of the Italian Foreign Minister to the Council of Europe 1953-1956. Deputy secretary general OECD anno 1956. Fiat representative in France 1972-.
|Gasperi, Alcide de||
Source(s): 1954 only.
Christian Democrat PM of Italy 1945-1953. Minister of foreign affairs 1951-1953. Considered one of the "founding fathers" of the European Union.
Source(s): 1983-1995 (certainly steering committee), 1996, 1999, 2001, 2003-2011, 2013-2015 lists.
Scholarship to Yale in the late 1960s. Economics professor at the University of Turin 1970-1985. Rector Bocconi University 1989-1994, president 1994.
Source(s): 1963, [March-April] 1967, [April] 1968 lists.
Manager Fiat early 1930s-1960s, and kept an affiliation through Italconsult into the 1970s. Deputy chairman of Olivetti at the time he founded the Club of Rome in 1968, a club famously known for its 1972 Limits to Growth report. Founding regional vice chaiman of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) in 1972, with Robert O. Anderson serving as founding co-chair and Robert McNamara and Maurice Strong as founding advisory board members (the only two). Founding chairman of the Committee for Atlantic Economic Cooperation in 1967, founded at the Paris-based Atlantic Institute of International Afaairs, of which Peccei was a governor.
1978, The International Foundation Directory, pp. 202-203 (trustees for Dec. 1977 it appears): "World Wildlife Fund: Founded in 1961... Trustees: John H. Loudon (Pres.); Sir Peter Scott (Chair.); Dr. Luc Hoffmann (Exec. Vice-Pres.); ... Syed Babar Ali; Robert O. Anderson; ... Harold J. Coolidge; ... Chief S.L. Edu; ... John W. Hanes, Jr.; ... Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth; ... Guy Mountfort; H.R.H. Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands; ... Sir Arthur Norman; David Ogilvy; Dr. Aurelio Peccei; ... Prof. S. Dillon Ripley; ... Maurice F. Strong; Julius Tahija; Hon. Russell E. Train; ... Thomas J. Watson, Jr."
Source(s): 1980, 1981 (joined steering committee), 1982, 1987, 1990, 2009 lists.
Postgraduate studies at the LSE in the 1960s.
March 27, 2003, Radio Free Europe, 'Tajik President Calls for End to War in Iraq': "[Tajik president] Imomali Rakhmonov, speaking to journalists on 26 March after meetings in Brussels with European Commission President Romano Prodi and NATO Secretary-General Lord George Robertson, called for an immediate end to hostilities in Iraq, Asia Plus-Blitz reported. Rakhmonov agreed with Prodi that continued military action in Iraq [the invasion had started on March 20 and would last until April 30] will result in a humanitarian crisis in the region."
Source(s): 1986-1987, 1990-1996, 2000.
Member Italian Socialist Party. Diplomat 1950s-1980s. Repeatedly assigned to the European Union 1969-1984. Secretary general of Italy's Ministry of Foreign Affairs 1985-1987. Minister of foreign trade 1987-1991, under De Mita and Andreotti governments.
Source(s): 1968 only.
Pre-World War II communist who eventually broke with Stalin in 1937. Secretary of Italy's Communist Party in 1927, when Mussolini sentenced him to prison. He would not get out until August 1943, after the allied invasion of Italian islands.
Author of the June 1941 'For a Free and United Europe: A Draft Manifesto', generally known as the 'Ventotene Manifesto', named after the Italian island of Ventotene, where up to 700 political enemies of Mussolini were held and where the manifesto was drafted. The 'Ventotene Manifesto' is considered a key document that initiated a federal Europe and the process of the European Union. Co-authors were Ernesto Rossi (Author), Eugenio Colorni (Preface; married Ursula Hirschmann in 1935; interned at Ventotene in 1939, where his wife stayed with him as a non-prisoner and eventually helped spread the manifesto; after Colorni's murder in 1944 she married Spinelli), Tommaso Padoa Schioppa (Foreword) and Lucio Levi (Contributor). The manifesto became very popolar in European resistance circles. As a result Spinelli became a key founder in 1943 of the European Federalist Movement.
Ursula Hirschmann, a member of a well-to-do Jewish family whose brother was tightly linked to the American government and the Rockefellers from at least 1940 on, was the wife of two manifesto writers: Eugenio Colorni from 1935 until Eugenio's death in 1944; and Altiero Spinelli, from 1945 on. Ursula's brother, Albert O. Hirschman, worked with Varian Fry and his Emergency Rescue Committee (ERC) in 1940-1941 to covertly bring thousands of Jews into the United States from occupied France. The ERC was supported by U.S. vice consul in Marseilles Hiram Bingham IV and Alfred Barr, the first (managing) director of the Rockefeller's Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) from 1929 to 1943 whose wife, also involved in the ERC, also worked at MoMa. The ERC would evolve into the CIA-tied International Rescue Committee (IRC). Albert Hirschman would continue as a Rockefeller Foundation Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, 1941-1943. From 1943 to 1946 he worked for the OSS in North Africa and Italy. He went on to work in all kinds of elite positions.
May 16, 2013, The American Prospect, 'Rediscovering Albert Hirschman': "[At] the Ecole des Hautes Études Commerciales (HEC) ... in Paris [in 1933-1935], he found political mentors. The lover and later husband of his older sister Ursula, an Italian philosopher and socialist of range and depth named Eugenio Colorni, six years Hirschman's senior, became a cherished friend. Colorni, later a notable anti-fascist underground activist... Hirschman chafed at the narrow confines of the HEC, and in 1935 he applied for a fellowship at the London School of Economics [Jomo Kenyatta was being tutored here in 1935-1937 with support from the the Rockefeller Foundation; David Rockefeller studied here in 1938]. There he encountered the great economists of the age, both left and right. ... After three months [fighting] in Spain [against Franco], Hirschman followed Ursula to Trieste. ...
Augustus 27, 2014, onlinelibrary.wiley.com, 'Albert O. Hirschman: A ‘Beamish’ Social Scientist for Our Grandchildren': "In 1935, he won a one-year fellowship to the London School of Economics (LSE), where he took some of the courses taught by Lionel Robbins and Friedrich von Hayek — two major anti-Keynesians of the time. However, Hirschman's close friends in England were Keynesians, with whom he went to Cambridge ‘to hear the master’ (Hirschman, 2001: 54–59). His friends were wowed by Keynes, but Hirschman was sceptical of Keynesianism..."
1998, Albert Hirschman, 'Crossing Boundaries: Selected Writings', p. 59: "In the summer of 1935 I went briefly to Fote dei Marmi in Italy, because Colorni, who had become engaged to my sister, had a house there. I returned to Italy in December for Ursula and Eugenio's marriage. [In Paris] I had some excellent teachers in economic geography, and in money and banking, such as Albert Demangeon [a 1939 survey of his was sponsored by the Rockefeller Institute] and Henry Pommery. ...
ias.edu/press-releases/albert-o-hirschman-1915–2012 (Institute for Advanced Studies): "Hirschman left Germany in 1933 for France, where he studied economics, finance and accounting. In 1935, he received a one-year fellowship at the London School of Economics. From London he went to Barcelona to fight in the Spanish Civil War, saying, "I could not just sit and look on without doing anything." He completed his studies in Italy at the University of Trieste, where he received a doctorate in economics in 1938. Racial laws enacted by Mussolini compelled Hirschman to return to Paris... Hirschman volunteered for service in the French Army and was enlisted in 1939. With the collapse of the French Army in 1940, he fled to the south of France. There he met Varian Fry...
December 23, 2012, New York Times, 'Albert Hirschman, Optimistic Economist, Dies at 97': "Born in Germany, he fought on the anti-fascist side in the Spanish Civil War and later joined the French Army in its resistance to the Nazis. When France fell in 1940, he became an integral part of a rescue operation led by the journalist Varian Fry that helped more than 2,000 people escape to Spain [and then into the U.S.]... By the early 1940s, he had moved to the United States and enlisted in the Army, which sent him to North Africa and to Italy as part of the Office of Strategic Services. ... Later, he worked with the Federal Reserve Board, focusing on European reconstruction under the Marshall Plan. In 1952, he moved to Colombia to be an economic adviser to that impoverished but rapidly developing country. A few years later, he was back in the United States, beginning a 30-year academic career ... at Yale, Columbia and Harvard."
Spinelli was an 1968 Bilderberg visitor, with his daughter visiting in 1980 and 1993. Member European Commission 1970-1976, in charge of industrial policy, under Jean Rey, the European Commission president contacted by Klaus Schwab for support of Davos. Founding member of Davos in 1971, continuing as a patron in subsequent years. Member European Parliament 1979-1986.
Source(s): 1980, 1993.
Daughter of Altiero Spinelli. Editorialist and European Correspondant, La Stampa, Paris, anno 1993. Member European Parliament 2014-2019.
Source(s): 1954 and October 1957 lists.
Director of Fiat 1926-, CEO 1939-1945. Removed over pressure for his fascist loyalties in 1945, but reinstated at Fiat in 1946. President of Fiat 1946-1966. Clearly present at the first Bilderberg meeting as a representative of the Agnelli family.
Swedish Bilderberg names
Source(s): 1990, 1992, 1996, 1999.
Economist who played a major role in transforming the East Block states into pro-West market economies. Visited his first two Bilderbergs of 1990 and 1992 as "Professor and Director, Institute of Soviet and East European Economics, Stockholm School of Economics". His last two, in 1996 and 1999, he visited as "Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace".
2009, Anders Aslund, 'How Ukraine became a market economy and democracy' (Peterson Inst. publication), pp. 29-35: "At the request of philanthropist George Soros, Professor Oleh Havrylyshyn and I went to Kyiv in the second week of August 1991 [a good year after Soros and Aslund both attended their first Bilderberg conference] to evaluate Ukrainian thinking on economic concern. He opened all doors for us. ... Finding qualified economists in Kyiv was not easy in August 1991. [Eventually we concluded that] the building of a market economy would evidently be postponed until Kravchuk and [his chief communist economist Oleksandr] Yemelianov were gone. ... Curiously, [Yemelianov] was soon ousted because of a sordid corruption scandal. ...
1995, Anders Aslund, 'How Russia Became a Market Economy', pp. 92, 91: "In September 1991 I went to Moscow twice. The first visit was with economist Jeffrey Sachs for a World Economic Forum meeting...
Why Russian reforms failed according to Aslund:
Anders Aslund became a prolific social media troll later in life:
Chairman of the Wallenberg-owned Investor AB anno 1999-2001.
Source(s): 1992-1993, 1996-1997, 1999-2000, 2006-2011, 2013, 2014.
Leader Swedish Moderate Party 1986-1999. Swedish prime minister 1991-1994. High representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina 1995-1997. Director of the Wallenberg-tied Lundin Oil / Lundin Petroleum / Lundin Energy 2001-2006, which wade him wealthy. Director of Lundin's Vostok Nafta, a Russian company tied into Gazprom, 2002-2006. First non-US trustee of the RAND Corporation 2002-2006. Foreign affairs minister 2006-2014.
Chairman of the Wallenberg-owned Investor AB anno 2003.
Director of the Wallenberg-owned Investor AB anno 2019.
Managing director and group CEO of the Wallenberg-owned Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken anno 1991.
President and CEO of the Wallenberg-owned Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken anno 1997.
1924-1971. Became deputy director of the family bank Stockholms Enskilda Bank in 1953 and became director and member of its board two years later. In 1956 he became vice CEO and in 1958 he became CEO. CEO of Stockholms Enskilda Bank until his death in 1971. Became vice chairman of the Swedish Bankers' Association (Svenska Bankföreningen) in 1959 and its chairman in 1961.
|Wallenberg, Marcus, Jr.||
Source(s): Oct. 1957, 1960, 1962-1967, 1969, 1970-1975, 1977-1981 (listed as steering committee member in 1981, but died in 1982).
1899-1982. Chair Federation of Swedish Industries anno 1964, under which he visited Bilderberg. Chair Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken (SEB), Stockholm, Sweden. President and CEO Investor AB. Vice chair Ericsson.
Source(s): 1984, 1987 (in both cases as "Vice Chairman, Skandinaviska Enskilda").
Vice chair Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken (SEB) when he visited Bilderberg. His rival, Pehr Gyllenhammar, was board member of Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken from 1979 to 1994 including vice chairman from 1979 to 1994.
Source(s): 1998, 2000-2016.
Chair Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken (SEB) when he visited Bilderberg.
Source(s): 1996-1997 ("Executive Vice President, Investor AB"), 2001, 2009, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019.
Born 1956. Son of Marc Wallenberg (1924-1971). President and CEO of Investor AB from 1999 to 2005.
German Bilderberg names
First a list of historical Deutsche Bank managers, as Deutsche bank has been very prominent as an institution in Bilderberg.
|Abs, Hermann J.||
Source(s): 1958, 1961, 1966 lists.
Born in 1901. Director Deutsche Bank 1938-1945. Director IG Farben. Member of the Club von Berlin, together with Hitler backers as Hjalmar Schacht, Baron Kurt von Schroder, industrialists Fritz Thyssen and Friedrich Flick, and many other elites. Arrested in January 1946, but freed in April by the British, reportedly for not supporting the Nazi regime. Never prosecuted.
Source(s): 1978-1985, 1987-1988 lists (member steering committee in the 1980s).
Joined Deutsche Bank in 1969, full member of the board since 1971, managing director Deutsche Bank from at least 1982 until 1985, co-"spokesperson" / co-chairman 1985-1988 (next to Wilfried Guth), sole "spokesperson"/chair 1988-. Director Vereinigte Elektrizitaetswerke AG, a power company. Didn't visit the May 1989 Bilderberg. Friend and economic adviser to German chancellor Helmut Kohl, who reportedly "was in tears over the murder." Oversaw a major expansion of Deutsche Bank, including a take-over of Morgan Grenfell in a deal brokered just before his death.
|Dicke, Gunther F. W.||
Source(s): 1990 ("In attendance: ... First Vice President, Deutsche Bank AG; Organizer, 1991 Conference"), 1991 ("In attendance: ... First Vice President, Deutsche Bank A.G.; Organizer, 1991 Conference") lists.
First Vice President, Deutsche Bank AG, anno 1990-1991.
Source(s): 1991 (member of the steering committee from his first Bilderberg on), 1992, 1994-1995, 1998-2003, 2005.
"Spokesperson" / chairman management board of Deutsche Bank 1989-1997, chairman advisory board 1997-.
Source(s): 1993, 1996-1997.
Visited as a "Member of the Board of Managing Directors, Deutsche Bank AG" in 1993 and 1996 and a "Member of the Supervisory Board, Deutsche Bank AG" in 1997.
Source(s): 1995, 2004-2005, 2008-2014. (steering committee 2010-2012)
President, Credit Suisse anno 1995. Member Trilateral Commission anno 1998 as a director of Deutsche Bank. Co-chairman executive committee Deutsche Bank AG 2002-2006, sole chair 2006-2012. Member steering committee of Bilderberg 2010-2012. Chair Zurich Insurance Group Ltd. 2013-. Chair advisory board Bank of Cyprus 2014-2019. Member of the Group of Thirty.
|Achleitner, Paul M.||
Source(s): 2013-2019 lists. (steering committee)
Worked for Bain & Company in the mid 1980s. Joined Goldman Sachs in Germany in 1988, becoming a partner in 1994. CFO Allianz AG 2000-2012. Member advisory board of RWE AG (2000-2013), Bayer AG (2002-), Daimler (2010-2020). Chairman advisory board Deutsche Bank 2012- (still anno 2021). "Treasurer Foundation Bilderberg Meetings" and one of four listed "board members" of Bilderberg anno 2019. Trustee chair of the Alfred Herrhausen Gesellschaft of Deutsche Bank. Trustee Brookings Institution 2013-. Chair European Financial Services Roundtable. Member advisory council Munich Security Conference anno 2019. EU chair Hong Kong/Europe Business Council 2013-2020s. Member of the World Economic Forum in Davos.
Remaining German visitors of Bilderberg:
|Amerongen, Otto Wolff von||
Source(s): March 1955, Sep. 1955, 1956, Feb. 1957, 1958, 1960-1980, 1982-2001 (joined advisory committee in 1983; only missed the 1981 meeting between 1960 and 2001 and in total between 1955-2001, the Oct. 1957, 1959 and 1981 meetings).
Born in 1918. Son of Otto Wolff, who became one of the top financiers of Hitler's NSDAP no later than 1931, immediately before he rose to power.
OTTO WOLFF (-1940)
The 1904 founder of the Otto Wolff Group, an iron wholesaler. By the early 1920s he was a known competitor of Fritz Thyssen in both the steel and mining business. After a merger of several steel interests in 1926, including the Thyssens, Wolff became a shareholder and founding advisory board member of the newly founded company Vereinigte Stahlwerke, the largest steel trust in the world behind U.S. Steel. Other founding members were Fritz Thyssen, the founding chair and Hitler's most key financier since 1923; Hermann Schmitz, a director of Hitler-supporting concern IG Farben (whose primary U.S. partner was the Rockefeller's Standard Oil); and directors of Deutsche Bank, Bayrische Vereinsbank and Dresdner Bank. After Thyssen fled Germany in 1939, Otto Wolff was the third biggest shareholder of Vereinigte Stahlwerke, after the Nazi government and Rheinische Stahlwerke (owned by I.G. Farben). Died in 1940.
OTTO WOLFF VON AMERONGEN CONTINUED
Took over his father's firm, Otto-Wolff-Konzern, in 1940, immediately pre-World War II, when it was top 3 shareholder in Vereinigte Stahlwerke. Worked from Lisbon, Portugal during World War II, from where he produced tungsten for the German army, essential for armor piercing tank rounds. Procured confiscated shares, gold and other values from murdered Jews and invested it in Switzerland. Briefly interned 1945-1947, following World War II.
Rebuilt Otto Wolff AG from 1949 on. His first Bilderberg meeting was in 1955. By 1963 Otto Wolff AG had an annual turnover of 3 billion Deutsche Mark, making it the third largest privately-owned German company behind Thyssen and Krupp. Chair Otto Wolff AG 1966-1986, during the time the company became a stock corporation. Advisory board member Friedrich Naumann Foundation 1959-1960 (Peter von Siemens also 1959-1960; Otto Graf Lambsdorff: trustee 1972-1995, deputy chair 1973-1977 and 1979-1995, chair 1977–1979, and board chair 1995-2006). Key 1964 founder of the German-Portuguese Society, set up on the premises of his company. President/chair German Chamber of Industry and Commerce 1969-1988. Director Standard Oil of New Jersey, later Exxon, 1971-. Founding member Trilateral Commission 1973-2007, executive from at least 1981 to at least 1998. Presidium member of the Europa-Union Deutschland. Anno 2001 Otto Wolff von Amerongen was chairman and CEO of Otto Wolff Industrieberatung und Beteiligungen GmbH. Died in March 2007.
Source(s): 1960, 1963, 1966-1968, 1972.
Member NSDAP 1933-1939, until he married his South American wife. South American-based steel exporter-importer until 1954. Representative of Countess Anita Zichy-Thyssen, the only daughter of Hitler backer Fritz Thyssen (1873-1951) and a major shareholder in the Thyssen steel company over 1954-1978. Chairman of the supervisory board of Thyssen 1954-. Aided the founding of the Fritz Thyssen Foundation in 1959, of which he became vice chair. Chair Fritz Thyssen Foundation 1965-1987. Chair August-Thyssen-Hutte AG 1962-1973. President of Thyssen Vermogensverwaltung 1971-1978.
Source(s): 2000 list (only year).
Chair steel company Krupp AG 1986-1999. Continued as chair ThyssenKrupp AG 1999-2001, chair supervisory board 2001-. Member supervisory board Siemens AG 2003-2007, chair 2007-. Member supervisory board Allianz SE and Axel Springer AG.
Source(s): 2008 list only.
German vice chancellor and minister of foreign affairs 1998-2005.
Source(s): 1954, 1956 lists.
Joined the Deutsch-Amerikanische Petroleum Gesellschaft / German-American Petroleum Company (co-founded by the Rockefellers and owned for 94% by the Rockefeller's Standard Oil of New Jersey (trade name Esso) in 1938) in 1926, director 1939-, chairman 1948- until at least the late 1950s. The company was renamed Esso AG in 1950, after the phonetic pronunciation of the initials 'S' and 'O' in the name Standard Oil. Also chairman of the supervisory board of shipping company Esso Tankschiff Reederei GmbH.
Source(s): 2002, 2008, 2012, 2015, 2017-2018.
Source(s): 2015-2016 lists.
Chair and CEO Siemens 2013-2021, advisory chair 2021-. Member Trilateral Commission 2014-2019. Visitor Bilderberg 2015-2016. Member international council, JPMorgan Chase 2015-. Chairman advisory council Munich Security Conference 2021-.
Source(s): 1980, 1982, 1988 lists.
Chancellor of Germany 1982-1998.
Source(s): 1972, 1974.
Not to be confused with the 1998-2005 German chancellor.
|Schulz, Ekkehard D.||
Source(s): 2002, 2005, 2006 lists.
Worked his way up in the ThyssenKrupp company. Chair ThyssenKrupp AG 2001-2011. Member of the supervisory board after that.
|Teltschik, Dr. Horst||
Source(s): 1982, 1984, 1988, 1990 lists.
Born in 1940, was the second Chairman of the Security Conference. Worked at the headquarters of the Christian Democratic Party of Germany (CDU). Protege and foreign and security adviser to Helmut Kohl - chancellor of Germany 1982-1998 - since 1972. Visited Bilderberg four times over 1984-1990, listed as an assistant to Kohl. Helped negotiate German reunification. CEO Bertelsmann Foundation 1991-1993. Director BMW AG 1993-2000. Second chairman Munich Security Conference 1999-2008. CEO Herbert Quandt Foundation 2000-2003. President of Boeing Germany 2003-2006. Member advisory board Atlantic Initiative from at least 2007 until 2019, when the initiative was reformed. Member international advisory council CFR. Presidium member German Council on Foreign Relations / Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Auswartige Politik e.V. (DGAP). Trustee Konrad Adenauer Foundation anno 2010.
|Weizsacker, Richard von||
Source(s): 1970 and 1978 lists.
1920-2015. Member of an aristocratic family. Son of Ernst von Weizsacker (1882–1951). Governing mayor of Berlin 1981-1984. President of West-Germany en then a united Germany 1984-1994. Member of the Club of Budapest since at least 2004 and until his death in 2015. The CLub of Budapest is a new age spinoff of the Club of Rome looking to Promote "the emergence of planetary consciousness" and integrate "spirituality [and] science". Member of Atlantik-Brucke.
Swiss Bilderberg names
Source(s): 1995-1997 (member steering committee in this period), 2003, 2007, 2016.
Enginering degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland in 1962. Graduated the University of Fribourg, Switzerland in 1963. Ph.D. in Engineering (Dr. Sc. Tech.), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in 1966. Ph.D. in Economics, University of Fribourg, Switzerland, in 1967. Master of Public Administration from Harvard in 1967. Became a protege of Kissinger at Harvard in 1967.
Became a protege of Maurice Strong soon after arriving back in Switzerland. Anno 2021 still executive chairman of the WEF.
March 27, 2014, The John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum at the Institute of Politics (iop.harvard.edu), 'Improving the State of the World: A Conversation with Klaus Schwab' (interview done by David Gergen): "I felt in order to be a successful person I have to go to a business school. So I applied to Harvard business school, and got accepted. And so I felt already having two Ph.D.'s, I don't have to do two years. So I wrote the school across the river. They said, "No! No way!" And soon I found out there was a kind of Littauer Center at the time, which was the predecessor of the Kennedy School. ... There was a big book [here] and I read a sentence, "If you are registered and accepted by the Littauer Center, you can cross-register wherever you want to in the Harvard system." So I said, "Great, I go for one year to the Littauer Center and cross-register for the second year, at the business school. And that's what I did. But then when I was here at the Littauer Center, here, at the square, I became so interested. It was really for a life-changing experience, because I felt I should devote my life not to business, despite the fact that I had all the necessary ingredients, I should devote my life to public service. I wrote a book on modern management in the machine building industry, as a mechanical engineer, and I described probably for the first time what is called the stakeholder's theory, which means a business should not just serve the shareholders, but all stakeholders - the employees, the government. And soon I felt,'Why not create a platform where business leaders could meet their stakeholders?' And that was the beginning of what we call Davos. I wanted to do it only once, for fun. In the mean time I had been appointed professor in Geneva for business strategy. I wanted to do it for fun, but it suddenly became such a success I never would have thought how it developed. ... Today the stakeholder theory for the [World Economic] Forum means something else: it means, in addition, that business in itself is a stakeholder of our global future. ...
Jan.-Feb. 1996, Bilanz - Handelszeitung (zurich, Switzerland), p. 16 (translated from German): "[While] Klaus Schwab ... earned his doctorate at the ETH [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich] and in Fribourg, he only learned to think in truly global contexts at the renowned John F. Kennedy School in Harvard. Henry Kissinger, one of the teachers at Boston and ... had a profound influence on him. Other mentors are Raymond Barre (ex-premier of France) and Maurice Strong ("Earth Summit")."
1971 founder of the World Economic Forum / Davos in Switzerland, which over the years became a very influential globalist conference.
Member United Nations High-Level Advisory Board on Sustainable Development 1993-1995. Vice-Chairman United Nations Committee for Development Planning 1996-1998. Member Advisory Board to the UN Secretary-General, Sustainable Energy for All.
January 10, 2016, words of Klaus Schwab on Radio Television Suisse: "Certainly in the next 10 years [we will see microchips implanted in the brain.] And at first we will implant them in our clothes, like "wearables". And then we could imagine that we will implant them in our brains, or in our skin. And in the end, maybe, there will be a direct communication between our brains and the digital world. What we see is a kind of fusion of the physical, digital, and biological world. ... Yes, [when you want to talk to anyone you just go:] I want to be connected with whomever now...
Jan. 29, 2008, m.day.kyiv.ua, 'Davos experience: Bohdan Hawrylyshyn: "Ukraine is still using the World Economic Forum ineffectively"' (interview with Hawrylyshyn): "In 1969 I received a letter from Klaus Schwab, the current president of the World Economic Forum. He asked for a job with the International Management Institute and said he wanted to write a book. I gave him a job after two of my colleagues listened to his 20-minute lecture. The institute's 25th anniversary was to be marked in 1971. Schwab suggested a large-scale conference in lieu of a big party in Davos. He also asked me to give him full organizing authority for the festivities on the institute’s behalf. I signed the letter and I presided over the first Davos conference in Jan. 1971, which was attended by 500 people. Schwab did a good job of organizing the event. This man can do everything, from concept to planning to realization. Encouraged by this successful beginning, we decided to continue the project. Originally it was known as the European Management Forum and it lasted 11 days. ...
OLIGARCHS AND DAVOS
March 17, 1999, Scotland Herald, 'Rise and fall of the last Russian oligarch': "It was Berezovsky who, in January 1996, summoned the six other most powerful oligarchs - Vladimir Potanin, Vladimir Vinogradov, Mikhail Friedman, Aleksandr Smolensky, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, and Vladimir Gusinsky - to a ''support Yeltsin'' meeting at Davos, Switzerland, during the World Economic Forum ... to prevent Communist Party leader Gennady Zyuganov [from being elected]."
February 6, 1996, vtedomosti.ru (written by Mikhail Berger is economics editor for Izvestia), 'Communist Leader Steals Davos Show': "At the World Economic Forum in Davos this week, Russia was not represented by a single top member of its executive branch. ... But in past years, Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin has come twice, and last year former First Deputy Prime Minister Anatoly Chubais journeyed to the forum.
Belgian Bilderberg names
|Davignon, Viscount Etienne||
Source(s): protege of 1950s-1960s Bilderberger Paul Henri Spaak; 1972, 1974, 1977-1978, 1980, 1983-1992 (became part of steering committee), 1994-2014 (listed as honorary chair 1999-2011) lists.
|Janssen, Baron Daniel||
Source(s): 1969-1977, 1979-1981, 1983-1984, 1995, 2000 lists.
Chair Solvay chemical concern. Major life-long player in the Club of Rome.
|Miert, Karel van||
Source(s): 1993 list.
French Bilderberg names
Source(s): 1977, 1982-1983 lists.
European chair Trilateral Commission.
Source(s): 1991-1992, 1996-2003, 2005-2006, 2008 lists.
Chair and CEO of Lafarge. Director of Allianz, Unilever, Vivendi, DuPont, Total and ATCO. Member of Bilderberg, the Trilateral Commission and the European Round Table of Industrialists (ERT), an advisory board member of the American European Community Association (AECA), a director of the European Institute and the Aspen Institute of France, and chair of the French Institute for International Relations (IFRI). Also involved with CSIS and other think tanks.
|Francois-Poncet, Jean A.||
Source(s): 1982, 1985, 1988 lists.
Son of Andre Poncet (d. 1978): Delegate to the League of Nations late 1920s - early 1930s. French ambassador to Berlin 1931-1938, observing the rise of Hitler. Made his farewell visit to Hitler at the Eagle's Nest in October 1938. Ambassador to Fascist Italy 1938-1940. Spent 3 years in prison during the German occupation of France. French high commissioner to West Germany 1949-1955. Contributing editor to La Figaro. Vice president and president of the French Red Cross.
Source(s): 1985 list only.
Chair Paribas North America. Vice chair and treasurer of the French Institute for International Relations anno 2002-2003.
ifri.org/e/Who are we/Who are we.htm (accessed: Nov. 19, 2002 and Feb. 12, 2003): "Vice-Chairman and Treasurer: Michel Francois-Poncet, Vice-Chaiman of BNP Paribas.
Source(s): 2000-2001, 2003, 2005, 2009 lists.
|Montbrial, Thierry de||
Source(s): 1975-1997 (became steering committee), 2000-2006, 2008-2009, 2010-2013.
Chairman of the department of Economics of the Ecole Polytechnique 1974-1992. In 1973, French foreign affairs minister Michel Jobert - working under president Georges Pompidou, a 1960 Bilderberg visitor - put him in charge of setting up the Center of Analysis and Prevision (CAP) for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Head Director of the French Foreign Ministry's Policy Planning Staff 1974-1979, prior to Jean-Louis Gergorin (who ended up becoming vice president of EADS – the European aerospace company that controls Airbus). First Bilderberg was in 1975.
Source(s): 1963, 1965 lists.
Nephew of Albert Schweitzer: Christian physician who was a heavy critic of colonialism and as a result treated patients in Gabon over 1913-1917 and 1924-1927, the last time leaving a functional hospital in place. Returned over 1929-1932, in 1935, and from January 1937 throughout World War II. He was later criticized for operating a really primitive hospital, for not training African nurses, for considering Africans his "brother" but only his "younger brother", and also for stating that Africans aren't ready yet for independence. In 1985 Giovanni Sartori visited Bilderberg under the description, "Albert Schweitzer Professor in the Humanities, Columbia University."
Source(s): 1989, 1993, 2002 lists.
Son of Bilderberg veteran Pierre-Paul Schweitzer. Sciences Po graduate. Chair and CEO of Renault 1992-2005. Founding member of Cercle de l'Industrie / France Industrie, a powerful French-led business lobby in Brussels, primarily founded by his Renault predecessor Raymond Levy and later controversial politician Dominique Strauss-Kahn. Bilderberger Bertrand Collomb also was among the founding members. Vice president French Institute for International Relations (IFRI) under Thierry de Montbrial.
Source(s): 1979-1987, 1992-2002 lists.
Sciences Po graduate. Member of the Traditionalist Catholics. Vice president the business lobby National Council of French Employers (CNPF), executive 1988-1997, president 1997-2005. CNPF was renamed to Movement of French Businesses (MEDEF) under Selliere in 1997. MEDEF has 750,000 member firms, 90% of them being small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with fewer than 50 employees. President of UNICE / "BusinessEurope" 2005-2009.
Eastern European Bilderberg names
Source(s): 1954-1960 lists (secretary until his death in 1960).
Listed in the Netherlands here due to his close association to Prince Bernhard and Paul Rijkens in the founding of Bilderberg in 1954.
|Schwarzenberg, Prince Karel||
Source(s): 1979, 1980, 1981, 2008 lists.
Member of the house of Schwarzenberg, one of the largest land owners of Bohemia whose influence goes back centuries. First cousin of Princess Ira and Prince Egon von Fürstenberg and second cousin of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco. The 1,322nd Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece of Austria. After the Communist coup of 1948 in Czechia, his family emigrated to Austria, with Swiss citizenship. Amerged as an anti-communist conservative politician in Austria in the 1960s.
Remaining Bilderberg names
Notesbilderbergmeetings.org/governance.html (accessed: June 17, 2010; first capture): "Bilderberg is governed by a steering committee which designated a Chairman... There are no other members of the Bilderberg conference. ... The Steerin Committee [organizes] the conference program [and prepare] the selection of participants. [Lone] Member Advisory Group USA: David Rockefeller ... Chairman [Steering Committee]: Etienne Davignon. ... Halberstadt, Victor ... Kerr, John: Deputy Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell... Kissinger, Henry A. ... Koc, Mustafa V. ... Kravis, Marie-Josee ... Perle, Richard N. ... Sutherland, Peter D.: Chairman, BP plc and Chairman, Goldman Sachs International ... Thiel, Peter A. ... Wallenberg, Jacob ... Wolfensohn, James D. ... Montbrial, Thierry de ... Monti, Mario ... Enders, Thomas: CEO, Airbus... Ollila, Jorma: Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc... Nass, Matthias: Deputy Editor, Die Zeit... " bilderbergmeetings.org/ background/steering-committee/steering-committee.html (accessed: March 13, 2021; barely any recognizable names anymore): "Chairman: Castries, Henri de. ... Barroso, José Manuel (PRT), Chairman, Goldman Sachs International; Former President, European Commission... Brende, Børge (NOR), President, World Economic Forum... Dopfner, Mathias (DEU), Chairman and CEO, Axel Springer SE. Elkann, John (ITA) [Agnelli], Chairman, Fiat Chrysler... Halberstadt, Victor (NLD), Chairman Foundation Bilderberg Meetings... Koc, Omer M. (TUR)... Kravis, Marie-Josée (USA), President, American Friends of Bilderberg Inc.; Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute... Micklethwait, John (USA), Editor-in-Chief, Bloomberg LP... Minton Beddoes, Zanny (GBR), Editor-in-Chief, The Economist... Schmidt, Eric E. (USA) [chair and CEO of Google's mother company] Alphabet Inc. ... Karp, Alex (USA), CEO, Palantir... Thiel, Peter (USA) [co-founder Palantir] ... Sikorski, Radoslaw (POL)... Wallenberg, Marcus..."