The 1001 Club: Bankers and raw materials executives striving for a sustainable future
Notes beforehand: Wikipedia censorship
2009: If one looks up information on the 1001 Club, he or she will find that the group is listed on Wikipedia's WWF page. The author has added it there several years ago, around 2008, but any attempt to add additional information - however basic - has always been blocked. A separate Wikipedia page on the 1001 Club, written in a very impartial style by this author, was also cleaned out after several months, even though this site was/is the only (and first) location on the net with photocopies of membership lists.
In fact, one very devoted Wikipedia admin used me linking directly to photocopies (read: photocopies!) of 1001 Club membership lists as a reason to ban ISGP in its entirety from Wikipedia at the time. Obviously, I wrote about that Wikipedia admin - since then banned - and about the curious ways people can go about determining what is a "credible" source and what not. Granted, ISGP has been a rather unique endeavor.
The Wikipedia page on the 1001 Club itself was not created by this author; that was done by an anonymous reader of ISGP several weeks after my initial 1001 Club article, similar to what happened with Le Cercle and the Pilgrims Society.
2014: Today Wikipedia's 1001 Club article is a perfectly written "balanced" version of official statements and what the WWF apparently sees as acceptable criticism. ISGP, which has done at least 80 percent of the modern work exposing the 1001, is still being banned. Clearly the WWF is keeping close watch on its Wikipedia page. The page even summarizes:
"The 1001 Club has given rise to various conspiracy theories in books and internet forums, possibly promoted by the lack of publicly available membership lists..."
Wait, what? Full, photocopy membership lists of the 1001 Club have been available for many years now - due to ISGP. And these membership lists reveal numerous questionable and even criminal elements - all of it very elitist - within the ranks of the 1001.
"Unbiased" Wikipedia admins also continue to delete all references to the 2010 list made available by this site. They're just pretending it's not out there. It's getting quite hilarious actually.
Background of the WWF and the 1001
Whether you search in Dutch, French, German, English, American, or South-African newspapers of the past 35 years, you will find that there is virtually no information available on a private association calling itself the 1001 Club. Even in the Netherlands, where Prince Bernhard's involvement with Bilderberg should be widely known by now, absolutely no one has heard of his role in creating "the 1001". The only official information available about this club - which the average person is very unlikely to stumble upon - is that it was established in the early seventies by individuals as Prince Bernhard, Prince Philip, Charles de Haes, and Anton Rupert, and that every member paid a one time fee of $10,000 to get lifetime membership - that's about it. This almost total absence of public awareness seems odd, as the individuals visiting 1001 Club receptions often represent some of the greatest - and most controversial - economic interests on the planet.
In 1948, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) was established, mainly by Sir Julian Huxley, a famous biologist. Later, in September 1961, Julian Huxley officially established the WWF, together with persons as Prince Bernhard and Prince Philip. Ten years later, around 1971, WWF officials Anton Rupert, Prince Philip, and Prince Bernhard came together and decided to form a club that would cover the administrative and fundraising aspects of the WWF, making the organization's existence independent from donations of the general public. Anton Rupert is said to have been the one who came up with the idea. Bernhard became the "figurehead" of the organization, a role similar to his role in the Bilderberg meetings. Bernhard was well liked, knew many people on both sides of the Atlantic, and as a prince in a constitutional democracy, was considered politically neutral. Anton Rupert appointed the Belgian-South African economist Charles de Haes, who was a executive of Rupert's main company Rothmans, as Bernhard's personal assistant. Bernhard and de Haes would approach most of the individuals who would be invited to the 1001 Club - mainly friends and associates of Rupert and the two princes. In 1974, all the members had been recruited, each of them having paid the one-time contribution of $10,000 to the Club's "1001 Nature Trust". From this point on, we have very little information on how the club organizes its meetings and how much each of the members keep contributing.
Press reports about the 1001 Club have been extremely sporadic. Possibly the only serious exposé on the club was published in 1980 by Private Eye. One of the questions this magazine asked was:
"The puzzling question is what do the '1001' get for their money apart from private prestige and the privilege of dining with Prince Bernhard or the Duke of Edinburgh?" 
We'll leave the answer to this question for later. The mentioning of diners indicates that the 1001 Club is organized in the same way as many other establishment clubs, including the prestigious Pilgrims Society. An initial problem when writing this article was that it was difficult to determine whether or not the 1001 still existed - information was extremely scarce to say the least. One page that could be found online in 2005 indicated that new members were still invited back in 1996. The history section of the Buttonboss Plc. website read:
"Buttonboss celebrated its 20th Jubileum and, once again, Prince Bernhard honoured us with his presence in attending the spectacular celebration party in Twente (Holland). It was on this occasion that he, in name of fellow members of the selection committee, offered Henk Brusse membership of the "1001-Club", for which he was responsible in founding. This club compromises 1001 good friends and relations of H.R.H. Prince Bernhard, all of whom support the world-wide activities associated with the World Wild Life Nature Fund."
The next step was to contact several branches of the World Wildlife Fund for Nature and ask them about the 1001. On August 10, 2005, the Dutch branch of the WWF finally confirmed that meetings were still being organized:
"I received your question about the 1001-Club. Regular meetings indeed do take place. The location is different every time. For instance, last April there has been a Panda Ball in Monaco and a diner in Barcelona... Could you please inform me why you are interested in this information?"
In the email the question was asked if the meetings were held in London. The WWF employee said that although it's very likely that meetings have been organized here too, that they were held in various countries. A very brief 1978 report in The Times confirms that Prince Philip gave a reception at Windsor castle for 1001 Club members . A leaked, confidential internal report of the 1001 Club furthermore confirms that Prince Bernhard regularly organized receptions at Soestdijk Palace for Dutch 1001 Club members, and that King Juan Carlos organized his own receptions in Spain for Spanish members. According to this last report, international meetings have also been organized on a regular basis.  One example of these international trips/meetings appears to have been a five-day trip to Nepal of some thirty 1001 Club members. The excursion was headed by Prince Bernhard. 
Three days after uploading the initial 1001 Club article (the site was visited by WWF headquarters in Switzerland for some time after the emails had been sent) and five weeks after sending them an email, the British branch of the WWF finally decided to reply (it should normally take two days max). They confirmed the 1001 Club was still organizing meetings and added to it that the one-time introduction fee had been increased to $25,000.
"I have been in discussions with our major support section in order to find all the information that you require about the 1001 club. There is a one off membership fee of $25,000 (US Dollars) and there are field trips and events organised mainly by WWF International. If you have further queries please come back to us..."
This short message took them five weeks! And why did this person have to go in "discussions" to receive "all this information"? Needles to say, we did get back to them and asked them whether or not the regular staff has actually heard of the 1001 Club, or if all this information is held behind closed doors within the WWF headquarters. The answer came after about three weeks, on September 5, 2005. If we skip the usual apology for the delay, the whole email read:
"I would like to inform you that the 1001 Club is a scheme run by WWF-International, which is situated in Switzerland, and for detailed information we have to contact WWF-International."
As expected, the answer doesn't tell us a whole lot.
Anyway, if you have a thousand members with an average age of 45-50 years or so, you'd expect that at least an average of about twenty people die each year. Twenty new members who each pay the $25,000 introduction fee is a baseline income for the 1001 Club of at least $500,000 annually. Considering the many international chapters the WWF maintains these days, I doubt $500,000 is going to cover any significant amount of administrative expenses. But it does help, of course.
The Anglo-American Pilgrims Society is a good society to compare the 1001 Club with. Both are very aristocratic and very low profile social clubs. Both are international and have originated from England. The two are also comparable in size (the Pilgrims cap their membership at 1,000), with considerable overlap in membership when it comes to British and American members.
There are also differences, the most obvious being that members of the 1001 Club are recruited from all over the world. There are Conrad Black and Maurice Strong from Canada; Henry Ford II and Robert McNamara from the United States; Antenor Patino and Gustavo Cisneros from Latin America; Sir Peter Cadbury and Lord Buxton from the United Kingdom; Hilmar Reksten and Alf Bjercke from Norway; Henk Brusse and Ferdinand Grapperhaus from the Netherlands; Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza and Berthold Beitz (Krupp) from Germany; Egmond Frommelt and Herbert Batliner from Liechtenstein; Mobutu Sese Seko and Salay Edu from Africa; Mohammed Al-Naki and Agha Abedi from the Middle-East; Gyanendra Dev from Nepal; and Sir Kenneth Fung and Sir Y.K. Pao from Hong Kong. In contrast, the Pilgrims Society is strictly Anglo-American.
Another difference between members of the Pilgrims Society and the 1001 Club is that Pilgrims virtually always remain highly respected individuals from high society throughout their life, whereas a considerable amount of 1001 Club members have fallen from grace over the years. Among the examples are Mobutu Sese Seko, the ruthless dictator of Zaire; drug and arms trader Robert Vesco, arms/gold/diamond smuggler Sheikh Ali Ahmed, the hard-right, anti-communist financier Nelson Bunker Hunt, Mossad agent and money launderer Tibor Rosembaum, Zionist agent Louis Mortimer Bloomfield, Salem Bin Laden, the half brother of Osama Bin Laden; Agha Hasan Abedi of the BCCI, and Zionist/mafia-linked bankers as (Mrs.) Edgar de Picciotto and Edmond Safra. There are leading figures from respectable banks and corporations, but overall the 1001 has a much more mixed crowd. Because of all the foreign interests, persons representing the Vatican-Paneuropa network and Zionism are also considerably more prominent in the 1001 Club than the predominantly Episcopal and Presbyterian Pilgrims Society.
A careful analysis by ISGP reveals that about 35 percent of both the British and American 1001 Club members have also belonged to the Pilgrims Society. These overlapping members tend to involve the more connected and well-known individuals and families. The Rockefellers and Rothschilds are prime examples of this. And this indicates that both the Pilgrims Society and 1001 Club have the same central core around which much of the West's liberal establishment has organized itself during the 20th and early 21st century.
Real purpose of the 1001 Club?
As Private Eye magazine asked: what is the real purpose of the 1001 Club? Private Eye suspected that the real motive of many businessmen joining the 1001 has a lot to do with them seeking new ways to expand their business operations, in this case by using the WWF and the 1001 Club as a platform to casually meet the leaders of third world countries who control a substantial amount of the planet's natural resources.
This accusation is actually quite hard to substantiate. There are more than a few British and American 1001 Club members who represent great oil, mineral, and shipping interests, but only a very small number of third world political leaders can be found among the membership (Mobutu is probably the biggest exception). Of course, the 1001 Club remains a good inconspicuous way to meet important individuals from many different countries, certainly with nature reserves being established all around the world, but the question remains if networking with third world leaders is the primary reason for new members to join the 1001 Club. I very much doubt it.
To a large extent the 1001 Club seems to be just what it is supposed to be: a group of influential bankers and bulk mineral executives who, despite their professions, have a genuine love for nature, are concerned about the environment, and would like to give something back in return.
For those readers now cringing for this overly "pro-establishment" position, keep in mind that kings and emperors have demonstrated to us over the centuries that it is perfectly possible to enjoy nature and not care anything for the common man. Striving for a sustainable future can potentially be a very elitist thing. We all need fresh air and clean water. On top of that, many bankers and industrialists of the western world list among their hobbies such activities as hiking, fishing, visiting faraway places, and above all... hunting. You need nature for all these things, and plenty of it. Then there is global warming and the clear and present danger of rising sea levels, which can wreck havock on political and corporate interests alike.
No, the 1001 Club can simply be what it professes to be, at least to the extent that its existence is even acknowledged: businessmen for sustainable development. Doesn't mean that 1001 Club membership lists can't be used to identify members of the global elite.
Land grabbing and covert operations
Although no politician or journalist will burn his fingers on this topic, helping people of third world countries is actually quite problematic from a strictly geopolitical point of view. The reasons:
- It may upset the balance of power;
- there aren't enough natural resources to support 7 billion people with a high standard of living.
The economic power clique of the West seems to have realized this, judging from internal documents that leaked from the World Bank in recent years. These documents described the process through which the IMF and World Bank crush third world countries economically by extending their loans only after the leaders of the respective countries have accepted secret and very far-reaching policies of privatization and deregulation.  Then again, a very curious Greg Palast received essentional help in exposing this affair from Joseph Stiglitz, one of the favorite bankers and economic experts of David Rockefeller and George Soros, two key persons behind today's "social justice" and "Africa aid" movement. So who really knows what is going on in these establishment circles. Everything that comes out of it is just so contradictory to the point that one begins to suspect intelligence operations. Apart from this peculiar leak from the IMF and World Bank, the eccentric but well-connected Belgian financial expert Jean-Pierre van Rossem may have said it best:
|"The whole third world is indebted to the banks. And it really is the financial power clique that keeps these countries poor. Why does poverty continue? Because it has a purpose." |
As discussed in great detail in ISGP's Pilgrims Society article, the bankers and industrialists of the Eastern Establishment have traditionally been very involved in suppressing worldwide socialist and nationalist movements (apart from communist ones) in order to retain access to natural resources as oil, gas and minerals. Some of these can be found back in the 1001 Club, such as Mobutu in the Congo and representatives of the Shah of Iran and Suharto of Indonesia.
Britain too, as various other European powers, has tried to find ways to remain an influence in the world. Some have even argued that British intelligence and the Foreign Office have tried to use the WWF (and 1001 Club) to pursue some of the country's geopolitical interests. The most important of these critics has been the Irish journalist Kevin Dowling, who in 1990 produced the documentary 'Ten Pence in the Panda', in which he documented the extreme ineffectiveness of the WWF's efforts to defend species as the panda, the elephant, and the black rhino. During the controversy in the weeks and months after the documentary, Dowling produced more damning evidence against the WWF. It turned out that the people living in the reserves were forced to live under inhumane conditions (and could be shot on sight), that wealthy customers could illegally hunt on rhinos and elephants, that leading nature conservatives were involved in the illegal trade in ivory, and that criminal special operations were launched from nature reserves to sustain South Africas's apartheid system. 
To be honest, having learned more and more over the years, including about rather shocking crime numbers of black people from all over the world and evidence of genetic IQ differences, on top of quickly depleting natural resources of every kind and the generally selfish and irresponsible behavior of Third World countries in general, and I have to say I can't call myself an opponent to these imperialist strategies anymore, as terrible as they might be.
Moving on, eventually the Dutch attorney J. Wilgers began looking into the work of Kevin Dowling and reached similar conclusions about British intelligence and its use of WWF-managed nature reserves in Africa. According to Wilgers, the IUCN and the WWF (and therefore also the 1001 Club) both were created to serve as fronts for British neo-colonial policies. In his own words:
"In 1948, the IUCN, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, was established. The most important person involved was Julian Huxley. This IUCN had a close working relationship with the British Colonial and Foreign Office. All his life Huxley had been working on projects related to the conservation of nature. In 1960, he made a trip through the British colonies that were about to become independent. He made sure that the British government was able to keep their hold on the nature reserves located in the countries of the Commonwealth, even today. Somehow he was able to convince the new African leaders that every person from Africa was a natural born poacher.
"Great Britain has always been preoccupied with the capture of raw materials from the countries in the Commonwealth and the protection of the unlimited supply of it. It is noteworthy that the IUCN still has the affix, "for natural resources" [International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources]. I also point to the fact that the IUCN is an extension of the government offices and the public sector of the United Kingdom, because in the end, these are the real beneficiaries. A year after Huxley's trip, the WWF was established with the sole purpose of gathering funds for the IUCN. The IUCN went to the background at the moment the WWF came into existence...
"Thirty years later, the WWF controls 10% of the world's surface. They control 40% of Tanzania. At the moment they are focused on South-America. This is something of the last 5 years [since 1994-1995]." 
As I noted before, I'm not necessarily opposed to moderately imperial strategies. But this remains interesting material to discuss.
It's hardly a secret that a crucial aspect of the West's prosperity has to do with its reasonably inexpensive access to bulk materials as oil and precious metals around the world. If these supplies were to dry up, or become too expensive to import, the economy of the West will collapse totally and permanently. One person who understood that very well was Sir Julian Amery, who happens to have been an absolutely key behind-the-scenes establishment player in post-World War II Britain through private groups as Le Cercle, the Pilgrims Society, the Monday Club, White's, Other and more:
"The prosperity of our people rests really on the oil in the Persian Gulf, the rubber and tin of Malaya, and the gold, copper and precious metals of South- and Central Africa. As long as we have access to these; as long as we can realize the investments we have there; as long as we trade with this part of the world, we shall be prosperous. If the communists [or anyone else] were to take them over, we would lose the lot. Governments like Colonel Nasser's in Egypt are just as dangerous." 
Amery made these remarks in late 1962, after Egypt had sent troops to Yemen in order to prevent domestic forces from bringing back the ousted Imam. The British had a crown colony in the south, Aden, but realized they were not a superpower anymore and could do little to defend their overseas interests.
Overtly that is, as Amery and his good friend David Stirling, founder of the SAS, soon approached Sir Alec Douglas Home, Foreign Secretary at the time, in the White's Club to discuss their plan of a covert war. The idea these men came up with is that Stirling would be send to Yemen with a group of ex-SAS men and train the local royalist groups, who were supporters of the deposed Imam. Under the leadership of the SAS, they would then undermine the Egyptian forces.
Subsequently Stirling approached the Saudi House of Saud - deeply linked to the CIA and the superclass for many decades at this point - which agreed to fund the entire operation. Weapons were delivered by Adnan Khashoggi; the Saudi arms dealer's first major contract. Stirling also received support from the King of Jordan. The Mossad and former MI6 officers as George Kennedy Young and Billy McLean (another close friend of Amery) were also involved in the secret war.
The operation was a huge success and in August 1965 the Egyptians were so tied down that they were forced to sign a cease-fire with the Saudis, the main overt supporters of the Yemeni resistance, and begin their withdrawal.
Unfortunately for Stirling and Amery, the socialist-oriented Harold Wilson had recently entered office and began withdrawing British forces all over the world. Yemen would soon be taken over by communist-sponsored elements in society. To prevent this from happening in Saudi Arabia, which had been left virtually defenseless by the British withdrawal, Stirling and his business associates managed to sell an air force to Saudi Arabia, maintained by SAS mercenaries. The deal would bring many other business opportunities in the future. 
Although private interests, especially banks, always had a great deal of influence on the British government (or on any government), the events in Yemen are considered the start of not only the privatization of British foreign policy, but also of covert warfare. The result was not unlike a diluted version of the historic British East-India Company or Cecil Rhodes' British South Africa Company.
And herein lies the problem: even though someone like Stirling was quite brilliant in the way he operated, his social group consisted of a combination of robber barons, imperialists and fascists. Examples are John Aspinall, Lord Lucan, Sir James Goldsmith, Tiny Rowland, the Cecil family and Lord Julian Amery. Especially the last four had many connections to the leading aristocracy (they were part of it), the business community and international intelligence. They became involved in funding and training rebel groups across Africa; officially to counter the Soviet threat, unofficially to retain control over the minerals in that area. In itself not that much of problem maybe, but human rights have traditionally not been a point of consideration for these people. In fact, they were happy tp support dictators as Franco, Pinochet, Mobutu and Ian Smith. Rowland, together with Adnan Khashoggi, did a lot of business with Gaddafi . These two picked up where "rogue" CIA agent Edwin Wilson left off 10 years earlier.
Men as the 7th Marquess of Salisbury (Cecil) and Julian Amery, both leading members of the international private intelligence group Le Cercle, also were strong supporters of the apartheid governments in Africa . The particularly damning accusation here is that when it became obvious in the 1980s that the apartheid system was breaking down, elite British fascists set up private SAS operations in southern Africa to counter this movement, largely in the same manner as the operation in Yemen about 25 years earlier. Retired SAS officers operated through front companies. One of those was KAS Enterprises, a private security firm first headed by David Stirling, and when he died in 1990, by Sir James Goldsmith. Officially, KAS was hired to protect elephants and rhinos from poachers in southern Africa. They were authorized to use deadly force. However, soon people began to notice that a disproportionally large amount of the people killed were ANC activists, many of them part of the armed resistance. Even though reportedly 1.5 million people ended up dead, the operation of bringing a halt to majority rule was unsuccessful.
Attention was now shifted to South Africa alone and an attempt was made to destabilize the country to such an extent that the military of the apartheid government could step in and declare martial law. The idea was to set up the ANC against the Zulu-dominated Inkatha Freedom Party, respectively the largest and second largest anti-apartheid movements in South Africa. The tactic was to train black units, like the Anti-Cattle Thieves Brigade and the Crowbar Unit, and to have them commit terrorist actions in the black townships. This was to lead to a civil war followed by a military crackdown. The operation killed several tens of thousands of people, but accomplished nothing; in 1994 the apartheid system was history.
Interestingly, a South African report about Operation Lock, as the project was called, was suppressed by the Mandela government, as it was considered "too explosive". Press releases did however indicate that the SAS, in part through KAS, was the origin of the mysterious "third force", blamed for the campaign of terrorism and assassinations.  The mastermind of this "third force" from South Africa was General Christoffel van der Westhuizen, South Africa's military intelligence chief whom liaisoned with the ultraright American Security Council.
As for KAS, it had been hired by "wealthy conservatives", although besides Prince Bernhard, names do not seem to have been released. It is also not known how much these men knew, or wanted to know, about the secondary operations of KAS. Kevin Dowling:
"I discovered that in the so-called wildlife parks a system of total repression existed. People don't have any rights, their traditional way of income is forbidden. They can't even step on a flower without running the risk of being murdered. At the same time these so-called wildlife parks turned out to function as staging grounds and training camps for all kinds of mercenaries. South-Africa stationed its secret troops there which had to sow death and destruction in the townships of South-Africa and the frontline states, while also the terrorists of Renamo and Unita liked to hide out there. ...
"Because I had so many contacts in Africa by that time, I was being overwhelmed with information about Project Lock. I discovered that very heavy guys were involved in the operation. The military branch of the operation was under the command of Colonel Ian Crooke, the second man of the special forces in England, the SAS. ... Furthermore, in the Lock network I found the name of Gordon Shepard. That is a kind of dirty tricks [specialist of MI6 who used to work in Northern Ireland] ... There were people of Kroll Associates, a kind of private intelligence service of Wall Street. In short, it was a real heavy group, an old-boy network in which the WWF, the SAS, MI5 and MI6 plus some CIA guys and private intelligence services brotherly came together. The civilian side of the operation was headed by John Hanks, Prince Bernhard's right-hand man in Africa." 
J. Wilgers, who was inspired by the work of Kevin Dowling, did his own research and reached similar conclusions:
"During that time these people trained a number of elite black units in the wildlife parks [of the Peace Parks Foundation and the WWF]... I have seen that these projects were completely financed by the World Wide Fund for Nature. Of course a certain Prince [Bernhard] has been involved in that, who has walked around there with a suitcase full of money, but the question remains how much this man knew about the projects...
"It is known that in the past SAS units of the British army have been flown into South-Africa and were stationed on territory controlled by the WWF with the purpose of conducting military operations... Military units have been trained in these kinds of parks and were later brought in connection with murders in the South-African townships. In the Zambezi-Valley, members of the military wing of the ANC have been shot at from WWF helicopters. The Zambesi-Valley was the primary entrance into South-Africa. Under the cover of fighting poachers ANC members have been executed without any form of trial. I call that an undeclared war or genocide...
"There are 2 types of parks: nature parks and strategic parks. The official purpose of the nature parks is the protection of nature. Often, these parks contain important minerals like diamond or uranium. Locals are encouraged to leave or simply chased away. Type 2 are the strategic parks. If you look carefully you'll find that these parks are either located on certain ridges useful for military observation, or they are border transcending parks like for example those in South-Africa and Mozambique... It is remarkable that corridors have been projected in such a way that they cleverly combine the preservation of nature with the gaining of a military advantage." 
Wilgers was persecuted by the WWF for making public statements that the World Wide Fund for Nature is a criminal enterprise. Unfortunately for the WWF, they lost their case. They never had to admit that Wilgers was correct in his accusations; the court only ruled that Wilgers wasn't "knowingly speaking untruths" - and therefore was innocent. 
Years later, looking for 1001 Club membership lists, I called Wilgers. He stated that the 1001 Club is directed by the Privy Council and MI6. Not that I put too much weight these days on Britain's ancient Privy Council system, but is a fact nevertheless that tons of deep insiders to the British establishment have been appointed members of the Privy Council. Le Cercle would be one good example of that. All British chairmen of Le Cercle were deeply involved with British and foreign intelligence, and the last three were members of the Privy Council. I'll leave it at the statement that the 1001 Club is a vehicle of the liberal establishment with many members most likely available to British intelligence for private sector intelligence operations.
Going back to the nature reserves for a moment, it may be possible that these so called "strategic parks" are not limited to Southern Africa. For instance, if one takes a look at Pakistan, the "ally" of the United States in the War on Terror (and significantly represented in the 1001 Club, in part through the Bhutto family), you'll see five major national parks in the north of the country.
One is located at the border with India, another at the border with China, and yet another one at the border with northern Afghanistan. The management of these parks works closely with the IUCN and the WWF. The Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) of the Aga Khan family of the 1001 Club is another partner in many of the same projects in this area. It's hard to say if these parks are used for some type of military operations, but they certainly are conveniently located. In addition, the Aga Khans have been accused by Russian GRU/Far West elements of involvement in the MI6 opium/heroin trade out of Afghanistan. Coincidendes keep stacking up.
The wider "liberal CIA" network
Only many years after putting together this 1001 Club article, did ISGP begin to map the Eastern Establishment's "liberal CIA" network of NGOs, media and activist groups that essentially serves as the "new left" controlled opposition aspect of the more prominent liberal establishment of think tank elites, politicians, bankers and mainstream media executives. Major foundations as Rockefeller, Ford, Carnegie, Open Society (Soros), MacArthur, Packard, Hewlett, Gates and Omidyar serve as the "engine" for this network. The Rockefeller foundations and Ford Foundation are directly tied to the 1001 Club.
Similar to the financing of alternative media outlets as The Nation and Democracy Now! and action groups as People for the American Way and Occupy Wall Street, this network of foundations with combined assets of approximately $150 billion has poured vast amounts of funds into the sustainable development movement. More than 20 groups are listed in ISGP's oversight, including Friends of the Earth, Greenpeace, the Sierra Club and the National Resources Defense Council, but I've seen dozens of other groups listed in the annual reports of the above foundations.
Similarly, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is receiving millions of dollars in funding from these foundations. Its 1001 Club structure is very unique, but it is certainly not its only source of establishment income.
What is additionally interesting about the 1001 Club in comparison with the 11 year later "liberal CIA" oversight is the similarity in the conclusion that there appears to be great overlap between the liberal establishment or superclass and security state operations. It's more obvious to spot with the conservative establishment, but it is most definitely also the case with the liberal establishment. After the "liberal CIA" oversight was done, I actually wrote a whole new section, entitled The Cold War Rockefeller CIA Network, for ISGP's Pilgrims Society article in which the history of these connections are discussed in great detail.
The 1001 Club and some of its key members are mentioned especially often in the subsequent chapter entitled Rockefeller CIA and the managing of fringe new age networks. Why? Because elite Pilgrims Society and 1001 Club members, and mainly those closely tied to the Rockefeller family, have been deeply involved in pushing all kinds of bizarre UFO, alien abduction and fringe new age theories, much of it through guests of the conspiracy disinformation radio show Coast to Coast AM. Just for that, studying the 1001 Club network has been priceless.
When you take a look at the membership list that we have compiled so far, you'll find the leaders and founders of some of the environmental organizations below.
|African Wildlife Foundation||
A few 1001 Club members and alleged members have been involved in setting up and running the institute since 1961, which was first known as the African Wildlife Leadership Foundation. Among the founders were Russell E. Train (cousin of John Train, the Pilgrims Society member and former financial advisor to CIA-ally John Hay Whitney, who was a vice-president of the Pilgrims), Kermit Roosevelt Jr. (the CIA coup plotter who founded the anti-communist Safari Club), and Arthur Windsor Arundel. Sue Erpf van de Bovenkamp of the 1001 Club used to sit on the president's council.
|Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP)||
Founded by 1001 Club member Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan. According to the World Bank in 2002: "By many measures the Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) is a highly successful NGO-run rural development program. It reaches some 900,000 people in about 1,100 villages in the Northern Areas and Chitral District of Pakistan, near the Afghanistan border."
Formerly owned by the Latin American globalist giant Gustavo Cisneros. This leading Venezuelan environmentalist group was shut down after it was caught faking dolphin killings for a campaign against the tuna fishing industry. At times, the WWF and Greenpeace have been accused of doing the same thing. Cisneros is a Knight of Malta, a member of the chairman's council of the Americas Society, trustee of the Rockefeller University, and a member of the international advisory board of the Power Corporation of Canada. Accused by Chavez of complicity in the April 2002 coup attempt in Venezuela and of using his private TV station Venevision to undermine the administration. Among his friends are the Rockefellers, Bushes, and King Juan Carlos.
|Club of Rome||
Founded by (alleged) 1001 Club member Alexander King in 1968 with Fiat's second man, Aurelio Peccei. The former number one man in Fiat, Gianni Agnelli, used to be a 1001 Club member, just as his sister Suzanna Agnelli. People like Dean Rusk and Carroll Wilson, both of the Pilgrims Society, helped with setting up the Club of Rome. 1001 Club member King Juan Carlos is as a honorary member of the Club of Rome and 1001 Club member Ruud Lubbers has been a long time executive.
|Earth Council Alliance||
Founding members were 1001 Club members Maurice Strong, Ruud Lubbers and Robert McNamara.
|Natural Resources Council of America (NRCA)||
The NRCA was founded in 1946, to a large extent by 1001 Club member Clinton R. Gutermuth, and included in its leadership council people from the Sierra Club and the Wilderness Society; among them was Russell Train.
|Peace Parks Foundation||
The founder and chairman of the Peace Parks Foundation is Anton Rupert, who is said to have come up with the idea of the 1001 Club. The Peace Parks Foundation manages the nature and wildlife parks that are part of the WWF. The Club 21 is the primary financier of the foundation and also acts as its advisor. Among its 21 members are numerous companies of the Rupert Family, the Rothschild Foundation (Anglo-Zionist), De Beers (Anglo-Zionist), Deutsche Bank (German), Philips (Dutch), Total (French; largely controlled by the Suez Group), and DaimlerChrysler (US).
|Rhodesia and Nyasaland Club||
1001 Club members Harry Oppenheimer and Sidney Spiro dined at the club. Julian Amery, a later head of Le Cercle went there, just as Lord Grenfell of the Pilgrims Society family.
|South Africa Foundation||
Founded by 1001 Club members Major General Sir Francis de Guingand, a former head of Military Intelligence, and formerly headed by 1001 Club member Harry Oppenheimer. It is a South African big business lobby, and it includes corporations as De Beers, Anglogold, Angloplatinum, GFL Mining Services, Shell, Siemens, Sony, etc. Guingand became secretary and president of the foundation. In November 1969 the foundation gave a luncheon in honour of 1001 Club founder Anton Rupert. 1001 Club member Sidney Spiro was among the participants. The 2nd Lord Beaverbrook, another 1001 Club member, has also attended meetings.
1001 Club member Lord Buxton was CEO of the Anglia TV Group from 1958 to 1986. He was chairman of the nature documentary producer Survival Anglia from 1986 to 1992. Besides being Prince Philip's right hand man, he actively suppressed information about the WWF and 1001 Club that journalist Kevin Dowling wanted to make public. A cousin of his, Andrew Buxton, was a long time leading figure in Barclays Bank and created the high-level LOTIS discussions.
|Wildlife Conservation Society||
1001 Club members Mrs. Vincent Astor, Laurance Rockefeller, Joseph Cullman III, Sue Erpf Van de Bovenkamp are/were all trustees of WCS. Pilgrims Society member David T. Schiff is chairman of the WCS. Other important officers and trustees are Howard Phipps, Jr., John N. Irwin III (son of a Pilgrim), Murray Gell-Mann (JASON Group), Paul A. Gould (Pilgrims family), and George F. Baker III (Pilgrims and 1001 Club family).
From Hong Kong to South-America, all the national heads of the WWF are members of the 1001 Club.
|Zoological Societies of New York and London||
Charities that work together with some of the local zoos, nature parks, and research centers.
The problem with royals... they all love to hunt animals for fun. Take some of the Spanish 1001 Club royals: the Duchess of Alba likes to attend the bullfights of her ex-son-in-law, a member of a generational bullfighting family. But another 1001-affiliated member is even worse. In 2004 King Juan Carlos, founding patron of WWF-Spain, killed nine bears, including a pregnant female, in Romania at the same time a WWF event (!) was ongoing to show how humans and bear populations had learned to co-exist in peace. Carlos' entourage also killed a number of wolves and boars and wounded two additional bears who probably died later on.
Maybe not as much as with Le Cercle, but still quite a few members of the 1001 Club have a remarkably controversial background. Even though they constitute a small minority of the total membership, it tells us something about the crowd Prince Bernhard and Prince Philip were mingling with. There are half a dozen 1001 Club members with ties to Permindex * and several others with links to the BCCI affair. As you will see, key words that apply to the list below are Mossad, CIA, mafia, Christian fascism, "Octopus", "black network", "Nebuleuse", dictatorships, money laundering, arms dealing, drug trafficking, gold trafficking, etc. The so-called globalist group, including the Rockefellers, Rothschilds, Wallenbergs and Watsons, have not been included in this list. Also there is very little focus on the fact that most royals and many other members of high society love to hunt wildlife. Only some of the most extreme examples have been addressed here.
You can find many more names, plus far more extensive biographies, in the membership list list that is attached to this article.
* 1001 Club members Mortimer Bloomfield, Tibor Rosenbaum, Mrs. Pierre Schlumberger, Jean Riboud, John Schlesinger and the Rockefeller, Murchison and Hunt families can all be tied to the JFK assassination.
|Agha Hasan Abedi||
Co-founder and chairman of the BCCI, which went down in the most massive banking scandal ever. The bank was a money laundering service for the CIA, the Saudis and the Pakistani ISI, but apparently Abedi and his partners were so greedy and corrupt that the CIA and various western governments were unable to keep them out of trouble. The role of the Bank of England was investigated by a Pilgrims Society member who became a member of the Order of the Garter in 2005.
Corrupt Bengal/Pakistani project developer said to have been involved in the smuggling of diamonds, gold, and weapons with the Dutch, the British, and some American interests. Partner of the mafia-connected CFR member Maxwell Rabb. Disappeared in 1976.
|Sir Max Aitken||
Son of the 1st Lord Beaverbrook, who was an intimate of Hitler's inner circle and became a very good friend of Rudolph Hess, the Thulist who, like Beaverbrook, was promoting the idea of an Anglo-German Peace. Privy councilor Jonathan Aitken, the former head of Le Cercle who was deeply involved in illegal arms transports, is a great nephew of the 2nd Lord Beaverbrook.
|Duchess of Alba||
September 29, 2008, The Independent, 'The duchess with everything (except the right to marry)': "... the duchess is constantly in the public eye at society weddings and bullfights featuring her ex-son-in-law Francisco ("Fran") Rivera Ordóñez, a popular torero from a distinguished bullfighting family." The family is close to Opus Dei.
|Walter H. Annenberg||
Born in one of Chicago's most powerful crime families which both inspired and befriended Al Capone. Somehow ended up becoming Ambassador to England in 1969. During this time, he appointed Gordon Gray, a psychological warfare expert, as head of his Triangle Broadcasting Company. Annenberg became a member of the Pilgrims Society.
Trust manager in Liechtenstein and partner of 1001 Club member and corrupt Mossad agent Tibor Rosenbaum. Accused by the German BND for having laundered money for chancellor Helmut Kohl, Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines, drug lord Pablo Escobar, and Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire. Batliner also keeps a job in Vatican City.
Basically the Rockefellers of the West Coast. A powerful family with many CIA connections, which started with Allen Dulles in the late 1940s. Family well known for its prominence in Bohemian Grove's Mandalay Camp.
|Salem Bin Laden||
Half brother of Bin Laden. Business partner of the Bushes. Killed in a 1988 plane crash after his involvement in the BCCI became known.
|Louis Mortimer Bloomfield||
Ardent Canadian Zionist who helped train the Jewish army in the late 1930s and was part of the Zionist/Haganah Sonneborn espionage and action network in the United States in the period after World War II. Met numerous times with Israeli prime minister David Ben Gurion. Has been a member of the SOE, OSS, CIA, FBI Division Five, and was a co-founder of the shadowy Permindex. Suspected of being involved in the assassination of JFK and the attempted assassinations on Charles de Gaulle. Member of the Order of the British Empire. Said to be gay, just like his good friend J. Edgar Hoover. Good friend of the Bronfmans (ADL; World Jewish Congress; Joint Distribution Committee, historically with the Rothschilds, Warburgs and today, Henry Kissinger).
Leading member of the family behind the international C&A department store chain. 1001 Club families/members Russell, Beerkens and Dreesmann have married into the Brenninkmeijer/ Brinninkmeyer family. Mainly a Dutch family with German origin, but also relatives in Great Britain and later the United States. The family is ulra-secretive and ultra-religiously Catholic. It is an important financier of Opus Dei and has various members who are Jesuit priests and are involved in the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem. Since 2011 a Dutch member is the lead secretary of Meldpunt Seksueel Misbruik RKK (Hotline Sexual Abuse RCC [Roman Catholic Church]). It has ties to the Van Voorst tot Voorst family, the number one representatives of the Knights of Malta in the Netherlands, as well as the somewhat similar Van Hovell tot Westerflier family. In England the family helps run the Knights of Malta with the Dukes of Norfolk. In the United States the family has directors at the National Leadership Roundtable on [Catholic] Church Management: Anthony Brenninkmeyer, followed by Hans Brenninkmeyer. CIA head Leon Panetta could also be found on the board.
|King Juan Carlos||
Even though his patron and good friend was Franco, Carlos is seen as the person who introduced democracy to Spain. He's a Knight of Malta and supporter of Opus Dei. Carlos likes to hunt with foreign leaders like George Bush, Sr. and kill as many endangered species as possible.
Long time head of Lazard, a major international bank. Aristocratic and close to the Rockefellers and Rothschild, who also are members of the 1001 Club. It appears David-Weill has his villa on or next to property owned by "Nebula" leader Felix Przedborski, who has been accused of being a major international arms, drugs, diamonds and nuclear materials trafficker under the auspices of a Mossad team. A British board member of Lazard used to the notorious Lord Alun Chalfont with his many intelligence connections.
|Gyanendra Dev and killer nephew||
Ascended to the throne of Nepal in June 2001 after most of the Royal family had been murdered by his nephew, Crown Prince Dipendra. Gyanendra dismissed the democratically-elected government in October 2002.
|Joke van Dieten Maasland||
Back in the 1970s she was an importer of Ferraris and Masaratis, and a dealer of Alfa Romero sports cars. Certainly by the 1980s she went deep into the ultra-fringe new age. Over the years she came into the possession of 11 crystal skulls from all over the world, which she calls: Janus, ET, Oceana, Shui Ting Er, Mansur, Baby Luv, the Jesuit, Magnificant Fire, Darth Vader, Clouds, and Jut and Jul. Exhibited the skulls at the super-unsuccessful Mystery Park of Erich von Daniken in 2005. In Italy she traveled to the slightly bizarre cult of Damanhur, which created the Temple of Humankind.
|J. Peter Grace||
Former chairman of the Knights of Malta in the United States. Member of the Pilgrims Society, the CFR, and the Council for National Policy. Chairman of the chemical giant W.R. Grace & Co. from 1945 to 1992, which was especially big in South-America. Close to the Rockefellers. Said to be a major player in the fascist underground in the post WWII era, especially in South America. His brother was another member of the 1001 Club.
|Francesca von Habsburg||
Daughter-in-law of Otto von Habsburg, the most central player in what ISGP has been referring to as the "Vatican-Paneuropa network". This network is completely intertwined with Opus Dei and the Knights of Malta. It has many links to child abuse networks and intelligence. Otto von Habsburg was an important founder of the international private intelligence group Le Cercle, which the 1001 Club's founder, Anton Rupert, was also involved with.
|Dr. Alfred Hartmann||
Quite possibly an even bigger player in the BCCI scandal than the bank's founder and chairman, 1001 Club member Agha Abedi. Director N.M. Rothschild & Sons, London. President of Rothschild Bank AG of Zurich. Vice-chairman of the NY-Inter Maritime Bank of Geneva, which was headed by his close ally Bruce Rappaport (Swiss-Israeli businessman; widely suspected to be working with/for the Mossad and the CIA; frequent golfing partner CIA director William Casey of Le Cercle; important stakeholder in the Bank of New York and through this bank was involved in laundering billions of dollars in cooperation with Russian banks). Director of the notorious BCCI and president of the bank in Switzerland. Chief financial officer for BCC Holding. Head of BCCI's secretly controlled Swiss affiliate, Banque de Commerce et Placements (BCP). Also director of the Banco Nazionale del Lavaro (BNL) and has been accused of providing $3 billion in loans to Saddam Hussein for nuclear, chemical and ballistic missile programs just preceding the Gulf War. Allegedly the BCCI director most closely linked to the laundering of Medellin Cartel drug money. Jurg Heer of the Rothschild bank once explained that Hartmann constructed front companies "to siphon some BCCI funds out of Nigeria."
|Nelson B. Hunt||
Wealthy Texas oil and businessmen with ties to intelligence and the extreme right surrounding the John Birch Society. March 18, 2009, Athens Daily Review, 'Dick Dwelle: An impact still felt today': "The two Athenians [Clint W. Murchison Sr. and Sid W. Richardson], along with H. L. Hunt and Hugh Roy Cullen, are the four principals in the book which Peppard says is about "a band of Texas oil titans who amassed a fortune that eclipsed those of the Rockefellers and Mellons and enjoyed their wealth with a hedonistic abandon that crafted a view of Texas that still holds in the remotest reaches of the globe.""
Nelson B. Hunt is the son of H. L. Hunt, who has been suspected of involvement in the JFK assassination. The Hunt family has been a major financier of the Christian fascist militia movement in the United States. They were great supporters of General Douglas MacArthur (also see 1001 Club member Michel Relecom), Senator McCarthy, Nixon, LBJ, J. Edgar Hoover, and Eisenhower to a large extent.
|Thomas V. Jones||
Longtime chairman, chief executive and president of the Northrop Corporation. Has been bribing international government officials all his life. Convicted for some of them. Lord Joseph Kagan, another member of the 1001 Club, was the conduit for the money from Lockheed to Prince Bernhard. Fred Meuser was another 1001 Club member said to have been involved in the Lockheed Affair.
|Francis L. Kellogg||
Briefly served in the OSS during WWII. An American businessman involved in raw materials shipping, including gold, diamonds, and petroleum. Moved in relatively elite circles. Chief of protocol for Queen Sirikit of Thailand during her visits to the United States in the 1980s. Worked for the CIA during his business life. Trustee of the William J. Donovan Foundation and awarded by the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
|Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan||
Said to be a direct descendent of the prophet Mohammed, the ancient Persian royal families, and the Assassin families, who worked with the medieval Knights Templar. The Aga Khan are collaborators of the British empire since the mid-19th century. Sadruddin's father, Aga Khan III, was a Freemason and a member of the Privy Council. Pilgrims Society executive John Train was Sadruddin's roommate at Harvard while Jay Rockefeller (Pilgrims-1001 Club family) was the roommate of Karim Aga Khan IV (another 1001 Club member). Longtime tennis partner of George H.W. Bush and heavy funder of the WWF. Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire and received awards from the Vatican.
|Bib van Lanschot||
Close friend of Prince Bernhard. From an elite bankers family with a Jesuit background. Intelligence officer and resistence leader during WWII. Reportedly helped set up Intelligence and Operations, the Dutch CIA/NATO Stay Behind network. Seemingly part of an elite little club that included Prince Bernhard, intelligence chief Louis Einthoven, intelligence officer and Interdoc head Cees van den Heuvel, Hans Teengs Gerritsen en and CIA-agent Carl Armfelt. Treasurer general of the World Veterans Federation (WVF) 1951-1957, president 1957-1994, and honorary president until his death in 2001. Traveled all over Europe and North America in this position to attend meetings. Head of public relations and general secretary at Philips and later director of its Middle East and Far East departments 1949-1966. Managing director and president F. van Lanschot Bankers 1966-1984. Around 1988 van Lanschot Bankers is known to have hired an intern who was going through Opus Dei school from A to Z.
|Prince Hans Adam II von Liechtenstein||
A member of the 1001 Club together with his late father Prince Franz Joseph II von Liechtenstein. Of Habsburg descent. Almost certainly very close to Opus Dei and Knights of Malta interests, as many other Catholic aristocrats. In recent years drew a lot of power to himself, which turned Liechtenstein from a regular parliamentary monarchy to more of a classical (dictatorial) monarchy. Huge financier of the bogus alien abduction movement with the Rockefellers and US intelligence.
|Count Leopold Lippens||
From Belgium. Brother of Maurice Lippens, who is one of two or three most influential bankers of Belgium, and an occasional visitor of Bilderberg and the Trilateral Commission. At least three members of the Lippens family, including the two brothers, have been accused by about half a dozen witnesses of extremely sadistic child abuse. Other past and present Belgian 1001 Club members as Baron Daniel Janssen, the Blaton family, Charly De Pauw, and Pierre Solvay have have also been accused directly or indirectly. Leopold's sister Marie also became a member of the 1001 in 1988.
|Daniel K. Ludwig||
Very wealthy. Visitor of the Bohemian Grove. Destroyed a chunk of the rain forest in one of his business enterprises. He later helped Meyer Lansky, chief of the Jewish mafia in New York, to set up his drug money laundering empire in the Bahamas. Did everything he could to stay out of publicity. April 27, 1999, The Daily Mail, '20 years ago': "Once fired a tanker skipper for submitting a two-sheet report which had been paper-clipped together... the paperclip was wasteful... Although too stingy to pay his former wife Gladys just [pounds sterling]100 a month in alimony... he poured hundreds of millions into his charity, the Ludwig Institute of Cancer Research, in Zurich."
Dutch, very wealthy and a castle owner. His company Melchemie was fined in the 1980s for having supplied a chemical to Iraq that could have been used to produce Mustard Gas - something which Iraq was doing on large scale at the time because of the Iraq-Iran War. Since the late 1990s, temporary kidnappings, a mysterious death and speculations about links to child abuse and illegal trade in drugs and chemicals has surrounded Melchers and his company. Nothing very concrete has come out though, which could well be because Melchers has set up a special fund to combat every speculation made about him.
Son of the robber baron Andrew Mellon. Paul became an OSS station chief in London during WWII. After the war he and the family's companies worked closely with the CIA. Richard Helms, when head of the CIA, made regular visits to his estates, just as the Queen of England. Member of the Pilgrims Society and the elite Roxburghe Club, together with the Rothschilds, Oppenheimers, Cecils, Cavendishes, and Dukes of Norfolk.
A Hungarian Jew, regular skiing partner of Prince Charles, and one of the wealthiest men in Canada. CEO and chairman of the world's largest gold-mining corporation, Barricks Gold, which was founded and majority owned by the controversial Iranian arms dealer Adnan Khashoggi. Khashoggi has close ties to the British royal family and his career has been jump started by the Bin Laden family. Khashoggi has been a business partner of Wally Hilliard, the financial backer of Rudi Dekkers who trained the main 9/11 hijackers. Khashoggi is also linked to Muslim terrorism through Far West. Munk tried to keep it under wraps that his company purchased the rights to a gold mine in Nevada -- containing $10 billion in gold -- for only $10,000. His U.S. gold mines have been accused of poisoning the local water. Munk was accused of insider trading back in 1967.
|John D. Murchison||
Like Hunt, another wealthy Texas oil and businessmen with ties to intelligence and the extreme right surrounding the John Birch Society.
His father, Clint, Sr., and H. L. Hunt financed the presidential campaign of the hard right Gen. Douglas MacArthur in 1951-1952. They also paid some of the expenses of Senator McCarthy, Richard Nixon, and another good friend: FBI head J. Edgar Hoover. All these men despised the Kennedy brothers and some believe the Hunts and Murchisons have been involved in the assassination of JFK. Both families certainly were cultivating an underground of dangerous Christian militias. Oddly enough, Ted Gunderson was a friend of Murchison, Sr.
John's brother, Clint, Jr., was a board member of FIDCO, of "Octopus" fame. FIDCO apparently was run by a bunch of mafia and Yakuza-connected intelligence men involved in large scale drug and arms trafficking, in part on behalf of the Reagan government
|John M. Olin||
Member of the 1001 Club together with his brother and wife. The Olin Foundation was one of the most important in funding the neoconservative movement in the 1980s. The foundations have also been named as being close to intelligence.
|Edgar G. Parser||
Belgian-U.S. diamond dealer. In the early 1960s he campaigned for Moise Tshombe, head of the breakaway province of Katanga in a newly-independent Zaire. Katanga contained most of the mineral wealth of Zaire. U.S. and Belgian intelligence and mining corporations tried to keep Patrice Lumumba, the new prime minister of Zaire, from taking control of these mining operations, in particular the profit aspect. Parser worked in direct opposition of President Kennedy and even told Tshombe that the State Department was taken over by communists. Parser was a good friend of former CIA director Allen Dulles and both of these men are said to have played a role in the Kennedy assassination. Lumumba was captured by later 1001 Club member Mobutu and was subsequently murdered by Belgians working with the CIA..
|Mrs. Edgar de Picciotto||
Wife of a controversial banker from Geneva. From an old Portuguese Jewish trading family. De Picciotto was a director of George Soros's Quantum Fund back in the 1990s. Long-time friend and business associate of the late 1001 Club Edmund Safra, who laundered large amounts of funds for the Russian mafia and was tied to the Mossad.
|Jan Lodewijk Pierson||
Member of a well known Dutch bankers family. Married Lucy Mary Franssen (pseudonym Ellen Forest; 1878-1959), who translated four books of Mussolini, whom the couple admired and was friendly with. Put in jail during the Nazi invasion in 1940 for his activities in the National Socialist Movement (NSB), the Dutch fascist movement. Rehabilitated after WWII.
|Frits J. Philips||
Son of Royal Philips N.V. co-founder Anton. Joined the company in 1930 as a department head. President Philips 1961-1971 and chairman after that. Chairman Eindhoven Chamber of Commerce. Director Dutch Employers Association. Vice-president Labor Foundation. Founder Eindhoven University of Technology. Bilderberg 1973. Philips helped finance the anti-communist/socialist Interdoc network and is known to have conspired with other businessmen to buy up major newspapers considered to friendly to the left.
A Belgian businessman who acted as an unofficial diplomat between Belgian's big business community and Mobutu, the ruthless dictator of Zaire. Relecom's firm Unibra owned a peculiar private intelligence firm called the "European Institute of Management" (EIM). EIM appears to have been the link between Belgian and U.S. intelligence, illegal anti-communist operations, assassinations, and large scale pedophile entrapment operations. In many ways it appears to be similar to Permindex, also managed by a 1001 Club member and with close links to several other 1001 Club members. EIM was chaired by General Douglas MacArthur II, son of the brother of the famous (pro-fascist) general who was so adored by Black Dragon/Yakusa elements, the Moonie Cult and 1001 Club families as Hunt and Murchison or men like Louis Bloomfield and J. Edgar Hoover.
President and chief executive officer of Schlumberger Limited 1965-1985. Worked alongside John de Menil, who sat on the board of Permindex, until 1969.
A Hungarian Jew who became a Mossad agent in 1951. He was a friend of Prince Bernhard. In 1958, with Edmond de Rothschild (1001 Club member), he was a founder of the Swiss BCI through which he funded Mossad and Permindex operations. The bank was kind of a forerunner of the BCCI and equally involved in money laundering.
Co-founder of the WWF and probably the primary founder of the 1001 Club. Together with co-1001 Club member Harry Oppenheimer, of Anglo-American and De Beers, by far the most powerful businessman in South Africa for the second half of the 20th century, largely through the South Africa Foundation (headed by a former head of Military Intelligence who also became a 1001 member). Normally seen as a relative supporter of the abolishment of the apartheid regime, but at the same time there have been reports that Rupert and Oppenheimer were in close contact with MI6 and the CIA. There's also a rumor that Rupert and Oppenheimer played key roles in recruiting future pro-apartheid prime minister John Vorster and intelligence chief Hendrik van den Bergh and with them organized the 1966 assassination of anti-British and extremely-hardline prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd. The fact that Anton Rupert was invited to the international private intelligence group Le Cercle, which was a total opponent of Verwoerd and later closely worked with Vorster and Van den Bergh, actually gives some credence to these rumors. In 1997 the Rupert and Rothschild families began a winery.
Descendent of a Syrian-Jewish banking family. His ancestors were gold traders in the Ottoman empire. Founder and head of the reasonably large Republic Bank. In the 1980's and 1990's he and his banking system were investigated for drug and money laundering practices ranging from the U.S. to Moscow and from Turkey to South-America. The ATLAS dossier implicates in him in money laundering for Belgiums deeply ties to sadistic child abuse networks. It is known that Safra laundered money for the Mossad and the Russian mafia. In 2000, the Republic New York Corporation and its sister company Safra Republic Holdings were acquired by HSBC for $10.3 billion. In the 1980s Safra was member of the Board of Overseers of B'nai B'rith International, together with Edgar M. Bronfman (chair) and Max Fisher (highest level connections in the US and Israeli governments). Has many banking friends in England, Switzerland, and Italy. Safra died in a fire in his Monte-Carlo apartment back in 1999. Seemingly informed sources have claimed that Safra was murdered for having given evidence to the FBI pertaining to the diversion of IMF credit to Russia (after the FBI had closed in on his money laundering practices). He had a fight about this with Boris Berezovsky several months before his death. Among the friends of the Safra couple were Nancy Reagan, Condoleezza Rice, and Prince Charles. His wife was later introduced to the aristocratic circles of London by Lord Jacob Rothschild.
|Mrs. Pierre Schlumberger||
French-American. President of Schlumber Limited from 1956 to 1965 while Jean de Menil was president of Schlumberger Overseas and chairman of Schlumberger, Limited. De Menil had married the daughter of Pierre's uncle. De Menil became a board member of the notorious Permindex firm, which was evicted in Italy for being a CIA front and was accused of involvement in the assassination attempts on Charles De Gaulle and the successful assassination of JFK. It also appears that the Schlumbergers, in cooperation with the CIA, allowed David Ferrie, Guy Banister and Sergio Arcacha Smith to "steal" a catch of arms from the Schlumberger company in 1961. Initially intended for the fascist-terrorist AOS in France that tried to eliminate Charles De Gaulle, the arms were now used in the Bay of Pigs invasion. Ferrie, Banister and the Arcacha Smith were later tied to the JFK assassination.
|Mobuto Sese Seko||
Long time dictator of Zaire, which went from one of the richest countries in Africa to one of the poorest. In 1961, Mobutu overthrew the communist Lumumba and, with the support of Belgium, executed him. He forced foreign business interests out of the country. Supported the Rwandan Hutu's, even after the 1994 genocide. When his government issued an order in November 1996 forcing Tutsis to leave Zaire on penalty of death, they erupted in rebellion. From eastern Zaire they launched an offensive to overthrow Mobutu which succeeded in 1997. Laurence Kabila (assassinated in 2001) came to power.
|van Tuyll van Serooskerken family||
Aristocratic family deeply linked to sustainable development in Germany, the Netherlands and Great Britain. Has an important link to 2002 death of prime minister-to-be Pim Fortuyn, who was assassinated by an environmental fanatic. Check the 1001 Club membership/biography list of ISGP for details.
Families as van Tuyll van Serooskerken and van Welderen Rengers (also 1001 Club) appear to help sponsor what has been labeled the "milieu mafia" or "green mafia" in the Netherlands (Sierra Club and related), while in reality they represent the Rockefeller globalization effort.
Generational members. Belgian family indirectly tied to child abuse in half a dozen cases. 1001 Club member Denis Solvay is one of the owners of the notorious Chateau des Amerois. See Beyond Dutroux for details.
|Baron Heinrich II "Heini" von Thyssen-Bornemisza||
His uncle Fritz was the most important financial backer of Hitler, in cooperation with Hjalmar Schacht, the Dillons, the Rockefellers, Speyers, and several other families. Pilgrims Society member John J. McCloy would acquit his uncle of all the Nuremberg charges, together with Hjalmar Schacht and Alfried Krupp. David Rockefeller was impressed by his art collection in May 1960. Neo-fascist Cercle member Franz Josef Strauss has been accused of taking at least one half million dollar bribe from the Thyssens in order to promote some of their weapon systems back in the 1980s. Today the Thyssen empire has merged with that of the Krupp family, forming ThyssenKrupp AG. The company is represented at Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay through James H. Brandi (from a Pilgrims Society family). In more recent years five additional members of the Thyssen-Bornemisza family became members of the 1001.
The king of the fugitive financiers. Business partner of mafia chief Meyer Lansky. Accused of stealing $224 million in 1973 and donated $200,000 to Richard Nixon's re-election campaign. He tried to buy an island and establish it as a sovereign state. Stuck in a Cuban jail until 2009.
Gave many millions to Jewish and Catholic causes. Donated so much to Catholic charities that Pope John Paul II asked to meet him in 1987. Wasserman was a god in the Hollywood movie business up to the 1980's. Stories circulated of executives who fainted or vomited in the midst of Wasserman tirades. Through his close friend and lawyer Sidney Korshak he was tied to many crime bosses: Al Capone, Bugsy Siegel, Frank Nitti, Sam Giancana, Meyer Lansky, Jimmy Hoffa. Korshak was also in contact with Henry Kissinger. One of his MCA board members, Eugene Giaquinto, also had close ties to many organized crime figures. Giaquinto was also in contact with Robert Booth Nichols and set on the board of Nichols' Meridian International Logistics. Nichols sat on the board of FIDCO - of "Octopus" fame - with Clint Murchison, Jr. and a bunch of intelligence men who apparently were involved in large scale drug and arms trafficking, in part on behalf of the Reagan government (In the early 1960s a Justice Department memorandum stated that: "Ronald Reagan is a complete slave of MCA..."). One of these operations is set to have taken place at Yosemite National Park where Curry Company, of which MCA was the parent company, was the largest concessionaire.
MCA also had at least one major intelligence link. Wasserman ran MCA with MCA founder Jules Stein. Stein's daughter was married to William vanden Heuvel, an OSS veteran with many CIA links, friendly with the Rockefellers, and later in life a secretary of The Pilgrims. Vanden Heuvel also was the long-time senior advisor to Allen & Co., which organized the media-oriented Sun Valley Meetings. Died in 2002.
Married to the eldest daughter of the Shah of Iran. The Shah's foreign minister and ambassador to the United States and the United Kingdom. Visitor of the CIA-ran Cercle group. Visitor of the CIA-ran George Town Club in Washingto, D.C.
Another 1001 Club member was Manuchehr Riahi, a family member of the Shah who represented Iranian government business overseas.
|Princess Mahnaz Zahedi||
Daughter of Ardeshir Zahedi and granddaughter of the Shah.
Having looked at the biographies of hundreds of members and the period in which they joined, it is quite easy to pinpoint the key names that form(ed) the 1001 Club. These are a group of friends that include Prince Bernhard (Netherlands), Prince Philip (England), Anton Rupert (South Africa), the British and French Rothschilds, David and Laurance Rockefeller (New York), Henry Ford II and key employee Robert McNamara (Chicago-Washington, D.C.), and the Bechtels (California).
There are numerous other important persons and families to be found in the 1001. They include the Italian Gianni Agnelli, the Swedish Wallenbergs, the South African Oppenheimers, the Watson family of IBM, Robert O. Anderson of ARCO (oil), the Liechtenstein royal family, and Maurice Strong and Conrad Black from Canada. Persons as the Canadian Peter Munk, the Belgian Boel and Lippens families, the Venezuelan Gustavo Cisneros, and various Greek shipping probably belong in the third tier, but really are very influential in their respective countries. Still, the vast majority of names are less influential than the names given and only enjoy regional influence at most. They tend to have been recruited by the persons above.
The French Edmond the Rothschild was a godfather to one of Prince Bernhard's extramarital children, Alexia Grinda.
Prince Bernhard, David Rockefeller, Gianni Agnelli and the Wallenbergs knew each other very well from Bilderberg since the 1950s.
David Rockefeller, Henry Ford II and Agnelli also sat on the international advisory council of the Rockefeller's Chase Manhattan Bank, as did 1001 Club member and Prince Bernhard friend John Loudon (Shell), who actually in 1965 set up the Chase Manhattan's international advisory council on behalf of David Rockefeller. Bechtel director George Shultz was a long-time chairman of the council, with Riley Bechtel joining it in recent years. 1001 Club members Pehr Gyllenhammar, Gustavo Cisneros, Robert O. Anderson and Cees van Lede also sat on the council.
Back in the early 1970s, when the 1001 Club was establishment, Stanford Research Institute (SRI International) was still Bechtel dominated. Virtually all SRI directors have visited the Bohemian Grove, where the Bechtels famously occupy Camp Mandalay. On the international advisory board at the time were 1001 recruits Gianni Agnelli, Nik Kamil (Shell and Rupert employee in Malaysia), John Loudon, Shantanurao Kirloskar (India), Sukum Navapan, Harry Oppenheimer, Julius Tahija and Marcus Wallenberg. Curious names as Paulo Ayres Filho, a CIA ally in Brazil, and the controversial Saudi arms dealer Adnan Khashoggi, could also be found on the board of SRI. Robert McNamara could be found at Caltech's trustee board since 1969. Caltech was dominated by the exact same Bechtel-Bohemian Grove-defense corporations network as SRI. 
For decades key 1001 Club founder Anton Rupert was an ally of the Oppenheimer family, who have been very close to the Rothschilds.
Anton Rupert himself knew the Rothschilds since at least 1959 when he announced to be "particularly pleased to inform you that Mr. Edmund de Rothschild has signified his willingness to serve on the board of [my Carreras Tobacco]." Even today the Ruperts and Rothschild are business partners - in the wine industry.
David Rockefeller is known to have joined the 1001 Club two years before his relative Godfrey A. Rockefeller, who actually was a founding executive director of WWF-US. When Laurance Rockefeller joined is unknown at this point.
Looking at the Dutch members, all of them or close to all of them are personal friends and associates of Prince Bernhard. Most likely he brought in a lot of other associates from mainland Europe, particularly Germany and from aristocratic circles, but I haven't looked at all the names here.
Personally I suspect that the core group that founded the 1001 Club actually felt they had to do something to help protect the environment. This core group is well known for its interest in sustainable development. Of course, by becoming the primary financiers behind the WWF they dictate the agenda of the organization and under which terms the environment and wildlife should be protected. Obviously such an agenda is tied to geopolitical interests and economic trade offs. It also seems that controlling left wing forces comes in handy for intelligence operations, as the Pim Fortuyn assassination in the Netherlands and Mark Brown Vestey's activities seem to be examples of. Still, anything is better than the short-sighted agendas of the neocons and other conservative elites. Without the Rockefeller group to balance them out, we probably wouldn't have had an environment to protect anymore.
August 1, 1980, Private Eye, #486, 'Lowlife Fund'
Article available for download at the bottom of this page.
April 11, 1978, The Times, Court Circular, page 18:
"The Duke of Edinburgh, President of the British National Appeal of the World Wildlife Fund, gave a Reception this evening at Windsor Castle for Members of the 1001 Club."
May 1973, confidential introduction to the 1001 Club written by Charles de Haes
Document available for download at the bottom of this page.
Friday, October 28, 1977, The Fremont Argus, 'Dutch prince loves nature':
"KATMANDU, Nepal (UPI) - Prince Bernard of the Netherlands arrived here yesterday at the head of a 30- member group of naturalists. The members of the "1001 Club," a group of nature lovers, will be in this mountain kingdom for five days. Bernard, consort of the Dutch queen, was met on arrival by Prince Gyanendra, brother of Nepal's King Birendra. Among those accompanying the prince on the trip are Francis Kellogg, president of the American Wildlife Fund, and Mt. Everest conquerer Tenzing Norkay. The group plans to visit Everest National Park, highest in the world, and the Chitwan National Park, which contains rare one-horned Asian rhine and tigers."
2004 (expanded election edition), Greg Palast, 'The best democracy money can buy', chapter 4
Van Rossem in the Dutch documentary 'Het Grote Complot - Part 3' ('The Big Plot - Part 3'), broadcasted on January 24, 2004:
November 5, 1997, De Groene Amsterdammer (small weekly magazine), 'The World Nature Army', includes an interview with Kevin Dowling
September 24, 1999, Kleintje Muurkrant, 'Advocaat levert felle kritiek op Wereld Natuurfonds' (Dutch - partial translation used for the article)
1999, Adam Curtis, 'The Mayfair Set' (broadcasted on BBC2). Excerpt: "David Stirling was a close friend of Julian Amery's and together they were determined to find a way to stop Nasser... Stirling and Amery had diner with the foreign secretary, Alec Douglas Hume, at the White's Club in St. James's. They proposed a plan: a group of SAS men would mount an operation to fight the Egyptians, but they would do it privately."
Ibid. This documentary does not discuss the role of George Kennedy Young, Billy McLean and the Mossad.
May 1990, Issue 19, Lobster, 'The final testimony of George Kennedy Young - Introduction' (written by Young himself): "However Nasser did get his uppance. Young had already left MI6 for merchant banking when Mossad approached him to find an Englishman acceptable to the Saudis to run a guerrilla war against the left-wing Yemeni regime and its Egyptian backers. 'I can find you a Scotsman', replied Young, and over a lunch in the City introduced Colonel Neil ('Billy') Maclean to Brigadier Dan Hiram, the Israeli Defence Attache. The Israelis promised to supply weapons, funds and instructors who could pass themselves off as Arabs, and the Saudis eagerly grasped the idea. Maclean's irregulars restored the Imam's rule and Nasser pulled out his troops whose morale had been badly shaken by the Yemeni practice of sending back captured troops with their lips cut cut off in a ghastly grin."
A few examples to make the point that the group Stirling hung out with were robber barons, imperialist and fascists:
*) 1999, Adam Curtis, 'The Mayfair Set': "In 1962, John Aspinall opened his own gambling club, the Clermont Club in Mayfair. Stirling was one of its members... [Other members] included James Goldsmith, a playboy and ferocious gambler who is to become a close friend of Stirling's; the tycoon Tiny Rowland, who Stirling already knew from his time in Africa; Lord Lucan, the descendant of the man who led the charge of the Light Brigade; and Jim Slater, the takeover tycoon and asset stripper who ran the notorious Slater Walker. What united all these men was a belief in decisive reckless action. It was this, they believed, had made Britain great; not moderate post-war governments."
*) January 9, 2005, The Observer, 'Desperate Lucan dreamt of fascist coup': "when he [Lucan] left Hatchards, the book under his arm was a Thirties translation of Hitler's political testament, Mein Kampf ... The Countess of Lucan confirmed this weekend that Lucan was an extremist in his politics: 'He did have very right-wing views, some might describe them as fascist. I didn't know he was indulging in extremist reading matter in 1972, although I knew he listened to recordings of Hitler's speeches at Nuremburg Rallies... he [Lucan] and his associates, who included casino owner and party host John Aspinall, and the tycoon Sir James Goldsmith, were increasingly convinced Britain had fallen victim to a socialist conspiracy. Daily Express journalist Charles Benson, one of Lucan's friends, said: 'He was very right wing and never watered it down in front of liberals. He would talk about hanging and flogging and niggers to get a reaction.' One biographer, Patrick Marnham, said: 'Seen from the Clermont Club [Lucan's favourite gambling haunt], the country was starting to resemble the less stable years of the Weimar Republic. Sir James Goldsmith began to develop his theory of "the Communist infiltration of the Western media". Over the smoked salmon and lamb cutlets, the talk turned to the pros and cons of a British military coup... His marriage had collapsed, gambling debts were crushing him and he had become convinced Britain was going to the dogs. In his growing desperation, he had convinced himself that his wife was unfit to bring up his three children and had spent the previous year trying to get her committed to mental institutions. In fact, the 7th Earl of Lucan, who disappeared in November 1974 after the murder of the family nanny [Goldsmith is said to have flown him out of the country], was himself growing increasingly unstable.'" Brian Crozier, former head of Le Cercle and a great defender of Francoism, was a close associate of Goldsmith in the failed effort of getting Franz Josef Strauss (of Le Cercle) elected chancellor of Germany. Strauss was a good friend of Francoist ultrafascists as Federico Silva Munoz (Le Cercle) and Gonzalo Fernandez de la Mora. These two were also defended by Crozier.
*) July 27, 1998, The Financial Times, 'The talented but ultimately unacceptable face of capitalism': "Mr Rowland, born Roland Walter Fuhrhop, of a German father and Anglo-Dutch mother in India in 1917, was a natural outsider and maverick. Educated first in Germany, then briefly in England, he was detained on the Isle of Man during the war, where he was suspected of Nazi sympathies."
*) August 16, 1992, Sunday Times, 'Gadaffi to buy 'SAS package' from Khashoggi': "Colonel Gadaffi, the Libyan leader, is recruiting disaffected former members of South Africa's special forces to train his commandos... Gadaffi is also seeking to buy large amounts of top-quality military equipment, including a sophisticated radar air defence system, American M-40 anti-tank weapons, and NBC combat suits designed to protect troops against the effects of nuclear, biological or chemical attack. According to documents obtained by The Sunday Times, the secret deal of special forces training and equipment for Libya has been negotiated by Adnan Khashoggi, the Saudi arms dealer recently involved in a controversial partnership between Gadaffi and Tiny Rowland... the relationship has blossomed, with both Khashoggi and Rowland promising Libya political influence in the West..."
*) According to Wikipedia, John Aspinall once claimed that Britain was in need of "a Franco-ite counter-revolution".
*) 1999, Adam Curtis, 'The Mayfair Set' (John Aspinall speaking): "Some people actually seek risk, and they put themselves at risk voluntarily. And I think this is a spirit that is to be admired. I think it's the spirit that built the prosperity that everybody in this country is enjoying today was created by adventurers; by merchants-adventurers; by pirats if you like, like [Henry] Morgan and [Sir Francis] Drake." Morgan and Drake worked in part on their own and in part for the British Crown during the war against the (Catholic) Spaniards. Most people would probably agree with the first part of the statement, but many would become worried when a businessmen's idols are pirats like Morgan and Drake.
*) March 13, 2006, Daily Mail, 'A very British Coup': "As for Colonel David Stirling,... he too believed the situation in Britain had become so serious that a military coup had to be an option. According to his friend, Major Alexander Greenwood, Stirling also offered a more informal way of handling the trades union agitators - provoking them into a confrontation. 'He thought: "Let's attack the leaders, let's get them run over by a bus - then they'll start thinking," ' says Major Greenwood, who had become a stockbroker after his Army career."
*) September 5, 1996, The Independent, Julian Amery's obituary: "He threw himself with zest into the role of a backbencher, intervening, in that great, rumbling voice of his, on a wide variety of subjects but, increasingly, in support of the rebel Rhodesian government headed by Ian Smith, thus showing he was his Imperialist father's son to the core... When Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister in 1979 his first major foreign challenge was the conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers in Lusaka in the autumn, where the main topic was to be Rhodesia (the government of which was now headed by Bishop Abel Muzorewa, with Smith in close attendance). Rhodesia was the main subject in the adjournment debate of 25 July, the last occasion for discussion of the matter before the summer recess. The Prime Minister took great care over her speech, seeking to placate both those who wanted to bring Muzorewa and Smith down, and the many on the Conservative back benches who sympathised with them. She succeeded, with one exception. Amery alone in the debate divined instantly that she had decided to abandon the Muzorewa-Smith government and, in a bitter and powerful speech, he castigated her for so doing. It was to no avail."
*) March 30, 1997, The Independent, 'Courtiers down the centuries; Profile Robert Cranborne': "After the Guards it was the City and in 1970 he married, causing a family crisis because his bride, Hannah Stirling (daughter [actually, niece] of the founder of the SAS), was a Roman Catholic. The Cecils take the defence of Protestantism and the Church of England seriously and Robert's mother, Mollie, took time to be reconciled. A compromise was reached and the two sons (the "heir and the spare") were brought up as Anglicans, the three daughters as Roman Catholics. In 1978 domestic calm was shattered when Lord Cranborne's brother Richard was killed by guerrillas while filming in Rhodesia. The family were strong supporters of the white settlers - the name of the country's capital, Salisbury (after the 3rd Marquess), giving away the connection. Robert went to Africa to try to find out how his brother died. His brother's death seems only to have reinforced his public support for the whites. During the 1980s he helped organise a secret meeting between Ian Smith and Tory MPs, and backed sporting links with apartheid South Africa." When Robert was reporting on Rhodesia he referred to the resistance as "terrorists" and reported every gruesome detail of attacks and retaliations by the local black resistance fighters, clearly showing his intent of upholding support for White minority rule.
*) January 31, 1997, The Guardian, 'SAS linked to rogue force in South Africa': "The SAS has been linked to violence by a 'third force' that threatened to undermine South Africa's transition to majority rule, in a report considered so explosive it was suppressed by Nelson Mandela... It confirms the involvement of commando units in random violence, the use of poison - supplied by the Seventh Medical Division - by hit squads, and the supply of arms and training to the Zulu-dominated Inkatha movement... The truth commission document says evidence was given to Gen Steyn that destabilisation of the government and neighbouring countries was planned 'to enable the military to step in credibly to create order'. Preparations for this allegedly involved stockpiling arms in countries which included Kenya, Zambia, Mauritius and Portugal, to create 'springboards' for possible military action. It said there was 'a suggestion that there was close contact with the British SAS'... As reported by the Guardian, a group of SAS officers working for a private security firm in Britain [KAS] were hired by wealthy conservationists in the late 1980s to come to South Africa to fight elephant and rhinoceros poachers. They became involved with local intelligence agencies and reportedly took part in paramilitary training. The British security firm, Kas Enterprises, was owned by Sir David Stirling, the founder of the SAS, and taken over after his death by Sir James Goldsmith. The security firm's SAS mission to South Africa was headed by Ian Crooke, who led the SAS..."
*) September 24, 1999, Kleintje Muurkrant, '"People have been murdered under the cover of nature protection" - Attorney severely criticises the World Wide Fund for Nature' (translated from Dutch to English): "It looks like the WWF to a large degree is responsible for several projects, especially in South Africa, where in two fases respectively one and a half million people and subsequently ten thousand people were killed. In the first phase it was about the battle in the frontline states against the ANC [the major anti-apartheid movement], especially against the military wing. The war has been waged under the cover of nature protection and while protecting nature these people have lobbied the legislator to adopt a "shoot to kill" policy, whereby it became legal to shoot poachers in the field before arresting them. Afterwards you have to say that among the victims were quite a lot of ANC members... After 1990 the struggle shifted to the territory of South Africa [instead of the whole of southern Africa]. During that time these people trained a number of elite black units in the wildlife parks [of the WWF], like the anti-cattle thieves brigade and the crowbar-unit that turn out to responsible for the murder of several ten thousand inhabitants of the townships. This was part of the plan to create a civil war between the Bantus and the Zulus, that is to say that the ANC had to be set up against Inkatha [of Inkatha Freedom Party, the second largest anti-apartheid movement which mainly represented the Zulus] and that operation has been conducted with the intention of destabilizing southern Africa."
November 5, 1997, De Groene Amsterdammer (small weekly magazine), 'The World Nature Army', includes an interview with Kevin Dowling
September 24, 1999, Kleintje Muurkrant, 'Advocaat levert felle kritiek op Wereld Natuurfonds' (Dutch - partial translation used for the article)
January 17, 2000, Algemeen Dagblad, 'WWF lost from lawyer' (Translated from Dutch to English)
*) 1957, Stanford Research Institute, 'Report of Operations': "Board of Directors: Mr. S. D. Bechtel ... John A. McCone [Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay] ..."
*) 1960, Public Power, Volume 18, p. 11: "Mr. McCone became chairman of AEC in 1958 after a career in shipbuilding and cargo ship operation in California. An engineer, Mr. McCone is a director of Stanford Research Institute, a trustee of the California Institute of Technology [Caltech], and a regent of Loyola University in Los Angeles."
*) 1967, Senate Select Committee on Small Business, 'Regional export expansion', p. 455: "SRI Board Committee: Stephen D. Bechtel [Bohemian Grove] ... Paul L. Davies [Bohemian Grove], Senior Partner, Lehman Brothers ... Edgar F. Kaiser [Bohemian Grove], President, Kaiser Industries Corporation; David Packard [chair Hewlett Packard; Bohemian Grove camp Silverado Squatters] ... Edmund W. Littlefield [Bohemian Grove]..."
*) 1972, issue 12, journal of the Stanford Research Institute/SRI International, pp. 43-46: "SRI INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE: Charles A. Anderson, President, Stanford Research Institute; Stephen D. Bechtel [Bohemian Grove; 1001 Club], Senior Director, Bechtel Corporation; S. Clark Beise, President (Retired), Bank of America, N.T. & S.A.; Edward W. Carter, President, Broadway-Hale Stores, Inc.; Paul L. Davies [Jr.; Bohemian Grove camp Peidmont; brother-in-law of Stephen Bechtel Jr. and uncle of Riley Bechtel.], Senior Partner, Lehman Brothers; Gwin Follis, Past Chairman Standard Oil Company of California; Weldon B. Gibson [Bohemian Grove camp Rough 'n Ready], Executive Vice President and President, SRI International, Stanford Research Institute; Fred L. Hartley [Bohemian Grove; Rockwell; Unocal], President Union Oil Company of California; Edgar F. Kaiser [Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay], Chairman of the Board Kaiser Industries Corporation; E. W. Littlefield [Bechtel; Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay; Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences], Chairman of the Board Utah Construction & Mining Co.; D.J. Russell, Chairman Southern Pacific Company; Gardiner Symonds [Bohemian Grove], Chairman of the Board Tenneco Inc. ... SRI INTERNATIONAL ADVISERS: Kamel Abdul Rahman, Chairman The Consolidated Contractors Co. S.A.L. (Lebanon) [founder CCC with the Khoury brothers, all Palestinians living in exile in Lebanon (came to know and work with Arafat, Mahmoud Abbas, Rafik Hariri, Nursultan Nazarbayev, etc.); subcontractor of Bechtel since the early 1960s for pipelines, oil fields and residential buildings in Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia (partnered with Prince Talal bin Abdul-Aziz, a brother of the Saudi king and father of billionaire investor Prince Alwaleed bin Talal), Iraq (Iraq Petroleum Company; build the Abu Graib prison later used by Saddam) and Iran (Anglo-American Oil Company)]; Giovanni Agnelli [1001 Club; Bilderberg steering committee], President FIAT, S.p.A (Italy); Ignacio Herrero Garralda, Marquis de Aledo, Presidente Union Explosivos Rio Tinto, S.A. (Spain) [1913-1999; director since 1931, president 1961-1995, honorary chair since 1995 of the family bank Banco Herrero; director Unión Espanola de Explosivos][1913-1999; director since 1931, president 1961-1995, honorary chair since 1995 of the family bank Banco Herrero; director Unión Espanola de Explosivos]; Paulo Ayres Filho, President Instituto Pinheiros, Produtos Terapeuticos, S.A. (Brazil) [1977, Jan Knippers Black, 'United States Penetration of Brazil', pp. 82-85: "The Institute of Research and Social Studies (Instituto de Pesquisas e Estudos Sociais--IPES) was formally established in 1961, largely through the efforts of Paulo Ayres Filho and Gilbert Huber, Jr. Ayers ... had been strongly influenced in the early 1950s by the Foundation for Economic Education in Irvington-on-Hudson, New York, which had proselytized for limited government and free enterprise. ... Ayres, who (according to a sympathetic account in Fortune magazine) tended to apply the term "Communism" to a broad spectrum of political thought: ... student groups, labor unions... The sources and extent of funding for IPES remain something of a mystery. .... Rojas maintained that of the 398 firms in Rio and Sao Paulo listed by IPES as contributors, 297 were actually "North American firms with Brazilian names." ... Niles Bond confirmed to this author that many of the IPES businessmen were associated with U.S. firms. ... IPES, like IBAD,had hired a network of retired military officers to exert influence on those on active duty... "; March 2, 2014, Operamundi (Brazil), 'Elite econômica que deu golpe no Brasil tinha braços internacionais, diz historiadora' ('Coup of Brazil's economic elite has had international assistance, says historian'): " ... the Instituto de Pesquisas e Estudos Sociais [IPES; Institute of Research and Social Studies], an organization founded with the goal of defending "free enterprise" and the "market economy", but in practice worked as a meeting place for conservative academics, entrepreneurs and military officers bent on destabilizing the government of Joao Goulart (1961-1964). ... Paul Ayres Filho, a staunch anticommunist and a founder of IPES. ... "Important characters of the Latin American business community were somehow involved with Americans," says Martina. ... [There exist] correspondences of a "quite personal nature, and even intimate", between Ayres Filho and David Rockefeller... In 1963 , a New York-based event [brought] together 67 businessmen from 11 countries of the continent . On occasion , five Brazilian executives - almost all of the important leaders of IPES - were able to establish contact with the upper echelons of U.S. politics and the economy. Paul Ayres Filho was one of them. Not by coincidence, one of the favorite themes of the Americans at the meeting was a discussion of the Alianca para o Progresso. ... David [Rockefeller] and his brother Nelson ... were two of the biggest enthusiasts of the Alianca para o Progresso, ... an anticommunist program for regional integration carried out by the U.S. at the height of the Cold War to fight against what its proponents termed the "Cubanization" of the continent." ... April 4, 2014, Controversia (Brazil), 'Ditadura & Grandes Empresários: outro caso emblemático': "The involvement of major chemical, pharmaceutical and plastic industries supporting the coup of April 1964 is now abundantly proved. The excellent documentary "Cidadao Boilesen", released in 2009 and directed by filmmaker Chaim Litewski shows the structuring and financing of Sao Paulo businessmen and bankers of OBAN (Operacao Bandeirantes), an investigative and torture center set up by the Brazilian Army in 1969 to combat leftist organizations... The OBAN signified repressive power controlled and funded directly by the owners of capital ... and executed by uniformed agents of the State [and] CIA... Military and paramilitary groups, sadistically, used to accompany torture sessions in OBAN. ... According to Elio Gaspari, in his book "The blatant dictatorship," the first meeting organized to raise funds for OBAN was convened by Delfim Netto, then Minister of Finance, and with the participation of 15 entrepreneurs and bankers, as Gaston Bueno Vidigal , owner of the Mercantile Bank of St. Paul, who was also president of the club Paulistano. There, on Thursdays, used to promote business lunches and often invited Delfim Netto to present analyzes of economic conditions. At the end of the lecture, donation for OBAN were collected. Pery Igel, owner of Grupo Ultra and patron of Boilesen, certainly was one of the leading financiers of OBAN, alongside Paul Ayres Filho, owner of Pine Pharmaceutical, and executives of U.S. automakers Ford and General Motors."]; Sir Mobolaji Bank-Anthony [owned tanker fleet and a charter airline], Chairman Borini-Prono & Company (Nigeria [important oil country]) Limited; Andres Boulton, ............ A. H. Estehaj, Chairman & President, Iranian's Bank (Tehran); Nejat F. Eczacebaji, Chairman of the Board, Eczacibaji, Ilac Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S. (Turkey); Resid Serif Egeli, General manager, Industrial Development Bank, Bank of Turkey; Goran Ehrnrooth, Chairman Executive Committee of the Supervisory Board Ab Nordiska Foreningsbanken (Finland) Amirali H. Fancy, Chairman Industrial Managements Ltd. (Pakistan) Abdol Ali Farmanfarmaian, Chairman and President Pars Oil Company (Iran) Carlos Ferreyros R., Chairman Enrique Ferreyros y Cia. S.A. (Peru); J. C. Fletcher Holdings Limited (New Zealand); Sir Archibald Forbes [executive Pilgrims Society], Chairman, Midland Bank Limited (England); Abraham Friedmann [U.S. Israel Business Council], Managing Director, The Israel Central Trade & Investment Co. Ltd.; ... Emmett Harmon, Director, Claratown Engineers, Ltd. (Liberia); Georg Heberlein, Chairman Heberlein Holding AG (Switzerland); Wilhelm Hendricks, Mitglied des Vorstandes Allgemeinen Warentreuhand Aktiengesellschaft (Austria); A. R. Horton, President Bank of Liberia; Taizo Ishizaka, Counsellor Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co., Ltd. (Japan); Yoshizane Iwasa, Chairman The Fuji Bank, Limited (Japan) Axel Ax:son Johnson, President Rederiaktiebolaget Nordstjernan (Johnson Line) (Sweden); Nik A. Kamil, Chairman, Rothmans of Pall Mall (Malaysia) [1001 Club]; Adnan M. Khashoggi, President, Triad Corporation (Saudi Arabia); S. L. Kirloskar, Chairman, Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited (India) [1001 Club]; G. S. J. Kuschke, Managing Director, Industrial Development Corporation of South America Limited; Ahmad Ladjevardi, President, Behshahr Industrial Group (Iran); Baron Lambert, Chairman Banque Lambert (Belgium); Edmond Lanier, President, Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (France); Luis G. Legorreta, Presidente de honor, Banco Nacional de Mexico, S.A.; F. J. Leu, President, Hualon-Teijin Corporation (Republic of China); Lien Ying Chow, Vice Chairman and Managing Director, Overseas Union Bank, Limited (Singapore); Juan Llado Sanchez-Blanco, Consejero-Delegado Banco Urquijo (Spain) J. H. Loudon, Chairman of the Board Royal Dutch Petroleum Company (Netherlands and England) [1001 Club]; Ali Mabrouk, Owner and Chairman Societe Industrielle de Peches et de Conserves Alimentaires (Tunesia); Jayant M. Madhvani, Director, Muljibhai Madhvani & Co., Ltd. (Uganda); W. D. McPherson, Chairman of Directors McPhersons Limited (Australia); Gabriel A. Mejia, Gerente General Cementos de Honduras, S.A.; Jorge Mejia S., President Banco de Bogota (Colombia) Eugenio Mendoza, President C. A. Venezolana de Cementos (Venezuela) Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller, Chairman of the Chairman of the Board A. P. Mcller (Denmark) Ernst Wolf Mommsen, Chairman Saarbergwerke AG (Germany); Roberto Motta, Senior Partner Roberto Motta, , S.A. (Republic of Panama); Sukum Navapan, President, The Thai Military Bank, Ltd. (Thailand) [1001 Club]; Hisham M. Nazer, President Central Planning Organization (Saudi Arabia) Max Nokin, Governor Societe Generale de Belgique (Belgium); Semei Nyanzi, Chairman Uganda Development Corporation Limited; Tsunao Okumura, Chairman of the Board, The Nomura Industries Group (Japan); Suliman Saleh Olayan, Chairman, Olayan Group of Companies (Saudi Arabia); H. F. Oppenheimer, Chairman, Anglo American Crporation of South Africa, Limited [1001 Club]; Mogens Pagh, Chairman and Managing Director, The East Asiatic Company, Ltd. (Denmark); Frederik J. Philips, President N. V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken (Netherlands); M. A. Rangoonwala, Chairman, Burma Oil Mills Limited (Pakistan); Jorge Ross O., President, Compania de Refineria de Azacar de Vina del Mar (Chile); Shuei Sakihama, Chairman of the Board and President, Bank of the Ryukyus (Okinawa); Sir Frederic Seebohm, Chairman, Barclays Bank D.C.O. (England); Mohamed A. Selim, Chairman and Managing Director, The General Petroleum Co. S.A.E. (United Arab Republic); S. H. Shammas, Managing Partner Contracting and Trading Company (Lebanon) Torcuato A. Sozio, Director Siam Di Telia Ltda. (Argentina) Washington SyCip, Managing Partner SyCip, Gorres, Velayo & Co. (Philippines); Sir Colin Syme, Chairman Tubemakers of Australia Ltd. Julius Tahija, Chairman of Managing Board P. T. Caltex Pacific Indonesia [1001 Club]; J. R. D. Tata, Chairman Tata Industries Private Limited (India); A. G. Tsatsos, Chairman of the Board and Managing Director General Cement Company, S.A. (Greece); W. O. Twaits, Chairman Imperial Oil Limited (Canada); Gustavo J. Vollmer, President Central El Palmar, S.A. (Venezuela); Sven Vug, President Christiania Bank og Kreditkasse (Norway); Roberto T. Villanueva, President, Trans-Philippines Investment Corporation; Marcus Wallenberg [1001 Club], Chairman of the Board Stockholms Enskilda Bank (Sweden); Hans A. Wuttke, Managing Partner M. M. Warburg-Brinckmann, Wirtz & Co. (Germany) SRI INTERNATIONAL, NO. ... [p. 45, small print:] There is no greater need in the developing countries than that of skilled, competent managers. Multinational concerns can do much to help fill this need. They can meet their social obligations and serve their own short- and long-run interests by carefully coordinated programs of assistance to management training centers."
*) 1984, SRI Internatinal, 'Report of Operations', pp. 30-31: "SRI INTERNATIONAL BOARD OF DIRECTORS: ... H. J. Haynes [Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay; chair Chevron; director Boeing], Chairman of the Board, SRI ... Roy A. Anderson [CEO Lockheed] ... Samuel H. Armacost [Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay] ... B. F. Biaggini [Bohemian Grove] ... A. W. Clausen [Bohemian Grove camp Hill Billies] ... Myron Du Bain [Bohemian Grove camp Midway], President, Amfac; Philip Hawley [Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay], Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Carter Hawley Hale Stores, Inc. ... Edgar F. Kaiser, Jr. [Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay] ... E. W. Littlefield [Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay, Edgehill and Rattlers; Bechtel; GE; Chrysler; HP] ... Frederick W. Mielke, Jr. [Bohemian Grove camp Toyland; chair PG&E] ... William J. Perry, Jr. [known speech at the Bohemian Grove in 1997] ... Carl E. Reichardt [Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay; chair Wells Fargo; vice chair Ford; director PG&E] ... Directors Emeriti: S. D. Bechtel ... Edward W. Carter Bohemian Grove camp Owl's Nest]..."
*) September 2005, 'Caltech Catalog', section six, Trustees, Administration, Faculty, p. 507: "Senior Trustees (with date of first election and date of election as Senior Trustee) ... Bobby R. Inman (1989, 2003) ... Life Trustees (with date of first election and date of election as Life Trustee): Robert Anderson (1975, 2002), Chairman Emeritus Rockwell International Corporation; Robert O. Anderson (1967, 1989), Chairman and CEO (Retired) Atlantic Richfield Company; Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. (1967, 1997), Chairman Emeritus and Director Bechtel Group, Inc. ... William R. Gould (1978, 2001), Chairman Emeritus Southern California Edison Co.; Philip M. Hawley (1975, 1997), President P. M. Hawley, Inc.; Robert S. McNamara (1969, 1988) ... Ruben F. Mettler (1969, 1995), Chairman Emeritus Retired Chairman and CEO TRW Inc.; Simon Ramo (1964, 1985) Co-Founder & Director Emeritus TRW Inc. ... Robert J. Schultz (1991, 2002), Vice Chairman (Retired) General Motors Corporation ... Charles H. Townes (1979, 1987) [co-founder JASON Group; MITRE; RAND]"
*) A few additional names: 1992-1993, 'Caltech Catalog', section six, Trustees, Administration, Faculty, pp. 331-334: "Trustees (with date offirst election) ... Thomas H. Cruikshank (1991), Chairman and CEO Halliburton Company ... Frank G. Wells (1989), President and COO The Walt Disney Company; Albert D. Wheelon (1987), Chairman and CEO (Retired) Hughes Aircraft Company. ... Life Trustees: ... LewR. Wasserman (1971,1987) Chairman and CEO MCA Inc. ... Jet Propulsion Laboratory Committee [JPL Oversight Committee]- ... B.R. Inman..."
Additional references and downloads
* Sources added in January 2013 after this article was originally written.
February 24, 1972, Chicago Tribune, 'Suzy Says: The Nature Trust' [link]
May 1993, Washington Monthly, Book Review: 'At the Hand of Man: Peril and Hope for Africa's Wildlife' [link]
All of the 1001: A Nature Trust information from the WWF's own archives. [link]
2002, Philip Dröge, 'Beroep: Meesterspion, Het geheime leven van Prins Bernhard', p. 216 [photocopy]
2004, Philip Dröge, 'Het Oranjekapitaal,' pp. 211-216 (mentions Ali Ahmed, the Shah of Iran, Herbert Batliner, among other names)
August 1, 1980, Private Eye, #486, 'Lowlife Fund' [download]
1978, 1001 Club, confidential membership list (provided by Kevin Dowling in September 2008) [download]
1987, 1001 Club, confidential membership list (provided by Kevin Dowling in September 2008) [download]
May 1973, confidential introduction to the 1001 Club written by Charles de Haes [download]
2010, 1001 Club, confidential membership list (provided by Peter Carr in September 2010) [download]